Professor Balvinder (Sunny) Khambay BDS, PhD, FDSRCS (Eng), MOrth RCS(Edin), FDS(Ortho) RCS(Eng)

Professor Balvinder (Sunny) Khambay

School of Dentistry
Professor of Orthodontics / Honorary Consultant in Orthodontics
Deputy Head of School

Professor Balvinder Khambay is Academic University lead of the Orthodontic Department and Honorary Consultant Orthodontist at Birmingham Dental School. He is also Honorary Professor of Orthodontics at the Hong Kong University and the University of Leeds.

He was previously Lecturer and then Senior Clinical University Lecturer / Honorary Consultant in Orthodontics, Academic Lead and Overseas Program Director of the Orthodontic Department at Glasgow Dental School (1998 to 2012). From 2012 until 2015 he was Associate Clinical Professor / Programme Director of Orthodontics at the Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong before returning to the UK in 2015; when he was appointed Clinical Chair Professor in Orthodontics at the University of Leeds.

Balvinder has extensive experience in both teaching and research and has worked in collaboration with various institutions both nationally and internationally. He is also an international lecturer and examiner and has been a reviewer for European grants.


Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (Orthodontics) 2005

Membership in Orthodontics Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 2002

PhD (University of Birmingham) 1999

Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (Dental Surgery) 1998

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (Distinction in Clinical Dentistry) (Birmingham) 1986




BDS – 4th orthodontic module

Specialist Registers in Orthodontics

Post-CCST trainees in Orthodontics

International programs (Masters programs in Asia – visiting Professor)

Other activities

Personally Nominated for the BOS TGG Distinguished Trainer Award 2016.

Almukhtar A, nominated for the Bellahouston medal for best PhD thesis; I was the PhD supervisor.

Lin C, HsungT, KhambayBS, Reducing conebeam CT scan height as a method of radiation reduction for photorealistic three-dimensional orthognathic planning. Chief Minister Award for the Best Oral Presentation and the Best Oral Abstract Presentation in the 9th Asian Pacific Orthodontic Congress and 20th Malaysian Association of Orthodontists International Scientific Conference and Trade Exhibition.

Almukhtar A, Ju X, Khambay BS, McDonald J, Ayoub A. Comparison of the accuracy of voxel based registration and surface based registration for 3D assessment of surgical change following orthognathic surgery. Bernd-Spiessl Award for Best Student Poster at the 10th International Bernd-Spiessl Symposium for Innovative and Visionary Technologies in Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery

Peng MJ, Ju X, Khambay BS, Ayoub AF, Chen CT, Bai B. Clinical significance of creative 3D-image fusion across multimodalities [PET+CT+MR] based on characteristic co-registration. Second prize, Open Category, Mimics Innovation Award, 2013.

Short LJ, Khambay BS, Ayoub A, Erolin C, Rynn C, Wilkinson C. Validation of A Computer Modelled Forensic Facial Reconstruction Technique Using CT Data From Live Subjects: A Pilot Study. TC White Lecture Award, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, 2013.

O'Neil M, Khambay B, Moos KF, Barbenel J, Walker F, Ayoub A. Validation of a new method for building a three-dimensional physical model of the skull and dentition. ‘The Wim de Ruiter Delft Plate Award’. International Maxillofacial Prosthesis and Technologists Conference, Inverness, 2013.

Shafi MI, Ayoub A, Ju X, Khambay B. Validation of surgical computer predictions for dentofacial surgery.Royal Society of Medicine Odontology President’s Prize Award, Royal Society Of Medicine, 2012

Shafi MI, Ayoub A, Ju X, Khambay B. The accuracy of three-dimensional prediction planning for the surgical correction of facial deformities using Maxilim. TC White Lecture Award, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, 2011.


Recent publications


Patel, Y, Sharp, L, Enocson, L & Khambay, S 2023, 'An innovative analysis of nasolabial dynamics of surgically managed adult unilateral cleft lip and palate patients (UCLP) using 3D facial motion capture.', Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery.

Ng, JHH, Singh, P, Wang, Z, Yang, Y, Khambay, BS & Gu, M 2023, 'The reliability of analytical reference lines for determining esthetically pleasing lip position: An assessment of consistency, sensitivity, and specificity', American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics.

Ajmera, DH, Zhang, C, Ng, JHH, Hsung, RTC, Lam, WYH, Wang, W, Leung, YY, Khambay, BS & Gu, M 2023, 'Three-dimensional assessment of facial asymmetry in class III subjects, part 2: evaluating asymmetry index and asymmetry scores', Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 5813-5826.

Ajmera, D, Hsung, R, Singh, P, Wong, N, Yeung, A, Lam, W, Khambay, B, Leung, Y & Gu, M 2022, 'Three‑dimensional assessment of facial asymmetry in class III subjects. Part 1: a retrospective study evaluating postsurgical outcomes', Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 4947-4966.

Carter, L, Reed, C, Morrell, A, Fong, AKH, Chowdhury, R, Miller, E, Alberini, F, Khambay, B, Anand, S, Grover, L, Coward, T, Addison, O & Cox, S 2021, 'A feasible route for the design and manufacture of customised respiratory protection through digital facial capture', Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 21449.

Shan, Z, Hsung, RT, Zhang, C, Ji, J, Choi, WS, Wang, W, Yang, Y, Gu, M & Khambay, BS 2021, 'Anthropometric accuracy of three-dimensional average faces compared to conventional facial measurements', Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 12254 .

Franks, S, Bakshi, A & Khambay, B 2021, 'The validity of using profile predictions for class III patients planned for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery', The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery.

Khambay, B, Lowney, CJ, Hsung, T-C & Morris, DO 2019, 'Fluctuating asymmetry of dynamic smiles in normal individuals', International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 1372-1379.

Vittert, L, Khambay, B, Katina, S, Ayoub, A & Bowman, AW 2018, 'Assessing the outcome of orthognathic surgery by three-dimensional soft tissue analysis', International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Barber, S, Bekker, H, Marti, J, Parvitt, S, Khambay, B & Meads, D 2018, 'Development of a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) to Elicit Adolescent-Parent Preferences for Hypodontia Treatment', Patient.

Lowney, CJ, Hsung, T-C & Khambay, B 2018, 'Quantitative dynamic analysis of the nasolabial complex using 3D motion capture: a normative data set', Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery.

Wong, KWF, Keeling, A, Achal, K & Khambay, B 2018, 'Using three-dimensional average facial meshes to determine nasolabial soft tissue deformity in adult UCLP patients', Surgeon.

Zhu, S, Yang, Y & Khambay, B 2017, 'A study to evaluate the reliability of using two-dimensional photographs, three-dimensional images, and stereoscopic projected three-dimensional images for patient assessment', International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 394-400.

Jablonski, RY, Khambay, B, Osnes, C, Nattress, B & Keeling, AJ 2017, 'An in-vitro study to assess the feasibility, validity and precision of capturing oncology facial defects with multimodal image fusion', Surgeon.


Bookstein, F, Kent, J, Khambay, S & Mardia, K 2024 'Establishment of the mid‑sagittal reference plane for three‑dimensional assessment of facial asymmetry: a systematic review' bioRxiv, bioRxiv.

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