Dr Seyed Ghaffar BEng (Hons.), PhD, CEng, FICE, FHEA, MICT

Dr Seyed Ghaffar

Dubai Campus
Associate Professor of Civil Engineering
Dubai Civil Engineering Programme Director

Contact details

Department of Civil Engineering
School of Engineering


I am an Associate Professor in Civil Engineering and a Chartered Civil Engineer. I am also a Fellow member of the Institution of Civil Engineers (CEng, FICE), a Member of the Institute of Concrete Technology (MICT), and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA).

Prior to joining the University of Birmingham, I held the position of Reader in Civil Engineering at Brunel University London from 2017 to 2023. This is where I completed my Civil Engineering with Sustainability degree (2012) and earned my Ph.D. in Sustainable Engineering Materials (2016), fully sponsored by the Industrial Cooperative Awards in Science & Technology.

Over the years, I have taken on various academic roles, including Industrial Placement Coordinator, Admissions Tutor, and Senior Tutor for the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering.

I also serve as the Executive Editor for an Elsevier Journal, Results in Engineering | Journal | ScienceDirect.com by Elsevier (IF of 5).

I recently edited a book titled Innovation in Construction: A Practical Guide to Transforming the Construction Industry | SpringerLink.

I a Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College and has been appointed as an expert evaluator for the Dutch Research Council (NWO), the Cyprus Research and Innovation Foundation (RIF), and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI). I have also acted as an expert evaluator on Horizon Europe HORIZON-CL4-2021-TWIN-TRANSITION-01-12: Breakthrough technologies supporting technological sovereignty in construction (RIA) and HORIZON-CL4-2022-RESILIENCE-01-16: Building and renovating by exploiting advanced materials for energy and resources efficient management (IA). 

Postgraduate supervision

Low-carbon engineering materials; 3D printing of geopolymers and LC3; Valorisation of waste; Construction and demolition waste management; Circular construction


I conduct research spanning various construction materials, with a specific emphasis on advancing low-carbon technologies suitable for both new construction and retrofitting applications. I combine materials science with innovative technologies such as 3D printing. This includes valorization of construction and demolition waste for formulating and optimizing 3D printable mixes.


Recent publications


Al-Kheetan, MJ, Jweihan, YS, Rabi, M & Ghaffar, SH 2024, 'Durability Enhancement of Concrete with Recycled Concrete Aggregate: The Role of Nano-ZnO', Buildings, vol. 14, no. 2, 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14020353

Ali, MM, Nassrullah, G, Abu Al-Rub, RK, El-Khasawneh, B, Ghaffar, SH & Kim, TY 2024, 'Influence of carbon nanotubes on printing quality and mechanical properties of 3D printed cementitious materials', Developments in the Built Environment, vol. 18, 100415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dibe.2024.100415

Al-Raqeb, H, Ghaffar, SH, Haitherali, H & Gopakumar, A 2024, 'Overcoming Barriers to Implementing Building Information Modelling in Kuwait’s Ministry of Public Works: A Framework for Sustainable Construction', Buildings, vol. 14, no. 1, 130. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14010130

El-Seidy, E, Chougan, M, Al-Noaimat, YA, Al-Kheetan, MJ & Ghaffar, SH 2024, 'The impact of waste brick and geo-cement aggregates as sand replacement on the mechanical and durability properties of alkali–activated mortar composites', Results in Engineering, vol. 21, 101797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rineng.2024.101797

Al-Noaimat, YA, Chougan, M, Al-kheetan, MJ, Al-Mandhari, O, Al-Saidi, W, Al-Maqbali, M, Al-Hosni, H & Ghaffar, SH 2023, '3D printing of limestone-calcined clay cement: A review of its potential implementation in the construction industry', Results in Engineering, vol. 18, 101115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rineng.2023.101115

Al-Noaimat, YA, Ghaffar, SH, Chougan, M & Al-Kheetan, MJ 2023, 'A review of 3D printing low-carbon concrete with one-part geopolymer: Engineering, environmental and economic feasibility', Case Studies in Construction Materials, vol. 18, e01818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01818

El-Seidy, E, Sambucci, M, Chougan, M, AI-Noaimat, YA, Al-Kheetan, MJ, Biblioteca, I, Valente, M & Ghaffar, SH 2023, 'Alkali activated materials with recycled unplasticised polyvinyl chloride aggregates for sand replacement', Construction and Building Materials, vol. 409, 134188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.134188

Lamastra, FR, Montesperelli, G, Galvanetto, E, Chougan, M, Ghaffar, SH, Al-Kheetan, MJ & Bianco, A 2023, 'An Insight into Durability, Electrical Properties and Thermal Behavior of Cementitious Materials Engineered with Graphene Oxide: Does the Oxidation Degree Matter?', Nanomaterials, vol. 13, no. 4, 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano13040726

Chougan, M, Lamastra, FR, Caschera, D, Kaciulis, S, Bolli, E, Mazzuca, C, Ghaffar, SH, Al-Kheetan, MJ, Montesperelli, G & Bianco, A 2023, 'Cementitious nanocomposites engineered with high-oxidized graphene oxide: Spotting the nano to macro correlation', Ceramics International, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 964-973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.09.070

Valente, M, Sambucci, M, Chougan, M & Ghaffar, SH 2023, 'Composite alkali-activated materials with waste tire rubber designed for additive manufacturing: an eco-sustainable and energy saving approach', Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 24, pp. 3098-3117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.03.213

Sambucci, M, Valente, M, Nouri, SM, Chougan, M & Ghaffar, SH 2023, 'Enhanced Compatibility of Secondary Waste Carbon Fibers through Surface Activation via Nanoceramic Coating in Fiber-Reinforced Cement Mortars', Coatings, vol. 13, no. 8, 1466. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings13081466

Chougan, M, Ghaffar, SH & Al-Kheetan, MJ 2023, 'Graphene-based nano-functional materials for surface modification of wheat straw to enhance the performance of bio-based polylactic acid composites', Materials Today Sustainability, vol. 21, 100308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtsust.2022.100308

El-Seidy, E, Chougan, M, Sambucci, M, Al-Kheetan, MJ, Biblioteca, I, Valente, M & Hamidreza Ghaffar, S 2023, 'Lightweight alkali-activated materials and ordinary Portland cement composites using recycled polyvinyl chloride and waste glass aggregates to fully replace natural sand', Construction and Building Materials, vol. 368, 130399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.130399

Al-Noaimat, YA, Chougan, M, Albar, A, Skibicki, S, Federowicz, K, Hoffman, M, Sibera, D, Cendrowski, K, Techman, M, Pacheco, JN, Chung, SY, Sikora, P, Al-Kheetan, M & Ghaffar, SH 2023, 'Recycled brick aggregates in one-part alkali-activated materials: Impact on 3D printing performance and material properties', Developments in the Built Environment, vol. 16, 100248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dibe.2023.100248


Chougan, M, Al-Kheetan, MJ & Ghaffar, SH 2023, Additive Manufacturing and the Construction Industry. in T Lynn, P Rosati, M Kassem, S Krinidis & J Kennedy (eds), Disrupting Buildings: Digitalisation and the Transformation of Deep Renovation. 1 edn, Palgrave Studies in Digital Business and Enabling Technologies, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 97-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-32309-6_7

View all publications in research portal