Dr David Themens PhD

David R. Themens

Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering

Contact details

University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

David Themens is a Lecturer in Space Environment in the Space Environment and Radio Engineering (SERENE) group in the School of Engineering.

David primarily undertakes research in modelling and mitigating the impacts of space weather on radio communications and navigation systems. More specifically, David explores the effects of changes in the ionosphere, a layer of plasma in the earth’s upper atmosphere, on these systems. His work includes exploring the synergistic properties of different earth observation instruments, measurement technique development, data assimilation, empirical modelling, ionospheric physics, and HF/UHF raytracing.

David is the principal developer of the Empirical Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Model (E-CHAIM).


Lecturer in Space Environment

  • PhD in Physics University of New Brunswick, 2018
  • MSc in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, McGill University, 2013
  • BSc (Hons) in Physics, University of New Brunswick, 2011


Dr. David R. Themens earned his B.Sc. (Hon. Phys.) from the University of New Brunswick in 2011, under the supervision of Prof. P.T. Jayachandran, where his research focused on the development of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver calibration and the validation of ionospheric models.

David completed his M.Sc. in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at McGill University in 2013, under the supervision of Prof. Frédéric Fabry. At McGill, David participated in the development of a scanning microwave radiometer system, designed to make large-scale volumetric measurements of atmospheric water vapour and temperature, which are vitally important to weather forecasting and severely under-observed. David’s research focused on instrument simulation and information theory, attempting to determine the optimal operating frequencies of the instrument and assessing the distribution of information measured by the system. His work demonstrated that traditional use of these instruments discarded large quantities of information, such that simple modifications to traditional measurement inversion methods could produce a more than 10,000% increase in the information provided by scanning microwave radiometers.

David completed his Ph.D. in Physics at the University of New Brunswick in 2018. His Ph.D. research focused on the development of the Empirical Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Model (E-CHAIM), a high-latitude alternative to the use of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) in modelling ionospheric electron density, necessary for HF/UHF signal propagation modelling. During his Ph.D., David acquired a pair of contracts with Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) to expand his E-CHAIM model and develop an operational near-real-time data assimilation system for use with Over-The-Horizon-Radar. This continued into David’s postdoctoral research, where he served as Project Lead for the Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Models (CHAIMs) contracts. For access or information about E-CHAIM and its related systems, check the system website here: https://e-chaim.chain-project.net/

David has a passion for data science and a, perhaps unhealthy, fascination with ionosondes.


  • LI Space System Engineering and Design B
  • LH Space Mission Analysis and Design
  • LM Space Environment

Postgraduate supervision

David is always looking for new Ph.D. students interested in the ionosphere, data assimilation, and radio propagation.

Interested students should send David a complete CV and a one-page (single sided) statement on their research interests.


David’s research focuses on four main topics: ionospheric modelling, physics, measurement techniques, and radio propagation.

David’s main physics research focuses on the interaction between the ionosphere and the atmosphere. His interests concern the degree to which lower atmospheric forcing drives variability within the ionosphere and the interactions between the ionosphere and thermosphere.

David is also actively expanding and improving upon his E-CHAIM ionospheric electron density model, having recently lead the development of a near-real-time and reanalysis data assimilation system, based on E-CHAIM, and having developed an auroral particle precipitation module and a quiet D-Region for the model.

David’s modelling research is applications-oriented, focusing on the mitigation of ionospheric impacts on radio communications, Over-The-Horizon-Radar (OTHR), and navigation systems. To this end, David conducts ionospheric raytracing for HF and UHF signals to assess the impacts of the ionosphere on these systems and develop mitigation strategies.

David is also highly interested in exploring novel ways to extract new information from existing instruments and infrastructure using non-linear data assimilation techniques.

Other activities

  • Engineering Institute of Canada Strategic Conference Planning Committee – Member: 2020 – Present
  • International Union of Radio Science (URSI): Canadian National Committee (CNC) Chair for Commissions G (Ionospheric radio and propagation) and H (Waves in plasmas): Jan, 2020 – 2023 (3-year term)
  • COSPAR International Space Weather Action Teams (ISWAT) G2b-04, G2b-05, G2b-06, and S03-03 - Member: December 2019 – Present
  • Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP) Division of Atmospheric and Space Physics (DASP) - Vice Chair: Feb, 2019 – Present (2-year term)
  • International Association of Geodesy (IAG) - Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) Joint Working Group on Ionospheric Electron Density Modelling - Member: 2019 – Present
  • Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) NeQuick Model Working Group - Inaugural Member: Oct, 2019 – Present
  • International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) - Canadian National Representative: Sept, 2018 – Present (2-year term)
  • International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) Working Group - Member/Canadian National Representative: July, 2018 – Present


Recent publications


Reid, B, Themens, DR, Mccaffrey, A, Jayachandran, PT, Hoque, M & Mazzella, AJ 2024, 'GNSS Differential Code Bias Determination Using Rao‐Blackwellized Particle Filtering', Space Weather, vol. 22, no. 5, e2023SW003611. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023SW003611

Spogli, L, Jin, Y, Urbář, J, Wood, AG, Donegan-Lawley, EE, Clausen, LBN, Shahtahmassebi, G, Rawlings, J, Cicone, A, Kotova, D, Cesaroni, C, Høeg, P, Dorrian, GD, Nugent, LD, Elvidge, S, Themens, DR, Aragón, MJB, Wojtkiewicz, P & Miloch, WJ 2024, 'Statistical Models of the Variability of Plasma in the Topside Ionosphere: 2. Performance assessment', Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, vol. 14, 4. https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2024003

Wood, AG, Donegan-Lawley, EE, Clausen, LBN, Spogli, L, Urbář, J, Jin, Y, Shahtahmassebi, G, Alfonsi, L, Rawlings, JT, Cicone, A, Kotova, D, Cesaroni, C, Høeg, P, Dorrian, GD, Nugent, LD, Elvidge, S, Themens, DR, Aragón, MJB, Wojtkiewicz, P & Miloch, WJ 2024, 'Statistical models of the variability of plasma in the topside ionosphere: 1. Development and optimisation', Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, vol. 14, 7. https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2024002

Boyde, B, Wood, A, Dorrian, G, Sweijen, F, de Gasperin, F, Mevius, M, Beser, K & Themens, D 2024, 'Wavelet Analysis of Differential TEC Measurements Obtained Using LOFAR', Radio Science, vol. 59, no. 4, e2023RS007871. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023rs007871

Sobhkhiz-Miandehi, S, Yamazaki, Y, Arras, C & Themens, D 2023, 'A comparison of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC radio occultation and ionosonde measurements in sporadic E detection over mid- and low-latitude regions', Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, vol. 10, 1198071. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2023.1198071

Reid, B, Themens, DR, McCaffrey, A, Jayachandran, PT, Johnsen, MG & Ulich, T 2023, 'A-CHAIM: Near-Real-Time Data Assimilation of the High Latitude Ionosphere With a Particle Filter', Space Weather, vol. 21, no. 3, e2022SW003185. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022SW003185

Tsagouri, I, Belehaki, A, Themens, DR, Jakowski, N, Fuller-Rowell, T, Hoque, MM, Nykiel, G, Miloch, WJ, Borries, C, Morozova, A, Barata, T, Engelke, W & Shim, JS 2023, 'Ionosphere variability I: Advances in observational, monitoring and detection capabilities', Advances in Space Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2023.07.024

Tsagouri, I, Themens, DR, Belehaki, A, Shim, JS, Hoque, MM, Nykiel, G, Borries, C, Morozova, A, Barata, T & Miloch, WJ 2023, 'Ionosphere variability II: Advances in theory and modeling', Advances in Space Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2023.07.056

Larson, B, Koustov, AV, Themens, DR & Gillies, RG 2023, 'Ionospheric electron density over Resolute Bay according to E-CHAIM model and RISR radar measurements', Advances in Space Research, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 2759-2769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2023.01.017

Dorrian, G, Fallows, R, Wood, A, Themens, DR, Boyde, B, Krankowski, A, Bisi, M, Dąbrowski, B & Vocks, C 2023, 'LOFAR Observations of Substructure Within a Traveling Ionospheric Disturbance at Mid-Latitude', Space Weather, vol. 21, no. 1, e2022SW003198. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022SW003198

Elvidge, S, Granados, SR, Angling, MJ, Themens, DR, Wood, AG & Brown, M 2023, 'Multi‐Model Ensembles for Upper Atmosphere Models', Space Weather, vol. 21, no. 3, e2022SW003356. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022SW003356

Eriksen, NK, Lorentzen, DA, Oksavik, K, Baddeley, L, Hosokawa, K, Shiokawa, K, Bland, E, Paxton, L, Zhang, Y, McWilliams, K, Yeoman, T & Themens, DR 2023, 'On the Creation, Depletion, and End of Life of Polar Cap Patches', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 128, no. 12, e2023JA031739. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023ja031739


Reid, B, Themens, D, McCaffrey, AM, Jayachandran, PT & Elvidge, S 2023, 'NG21A-05 Real-time resolution of instrumental biases using Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filtering', AGU Fall Meeting 2023, San Francisco, United States, 11/12/23 - 15/12/23. <https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm23/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/1390896>


Reid, B, Themens, DR, Elvidge, S, Ahmed, MA, Wong, J & Ball, W 2024 'AIDA: A Real-Time Global Ionosphere/Plasmasphere Data Assimilation Model' ESS Open Archive. https://doi.org/10.22541/essoar.170516089.91436324/v1

Review article

Frissell, NA, Ackermann, JR, Alexander, JN, Benedict, RL, Blackwell, WC, Boedicker, RK, Cerwin, SA, Collins, KV, Cowling, SH, Deacon, C, Diehl, DM, Di Mare, F, Duffy, TJ, Edson, LB, Engelke, WD, Farmer, JO, Frissell, RM, Gerzoff, RB, Gibbons, J, Griffiths, G, Holm, S, Howell, FM, Kaeppler, SR, Kavanagh, G, Kazdan, D, Kim, H, Larsen, DR, Ledvina, VE, Liles, W, Lo, S, Lombardi, MA, MacDonald, EA, Madey, J, McDermott, TC, McGaw, DG, McGwier, RW, Mikitin, GA, Miller, ES, Mitchell, C, Montare, A, Nguyen, CD, Nordberg, PN, Perry, GW, Piccini, GN, Pozerski, SW, Reif, RH, Rizzo, JD, Robinett, RS, Romanek, VI, Sami, S, Sanchez, DF, Sarwar, MS, Schwartz, JA, Serra, HL, Silver, HW, Skov, TM, Swartz, DA, Themens, DR, Tholley, FH, West, ML, Wilcox, RC, Witten, D, Witvliet, BA & Yadav, N 2023, 'Heliophysics and amateur radio: citizen science collaborations for atmospheric, ionospheric, and space physics research and operations', Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, vol. 10, 1184171. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2023.1184171

View all publications in research portal