Dr Emeka Thaddues Njoku

Dr Emeka Thaddues Njoku

International Development Department
Assistant Professor

Contact details

School of Government
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Emeka Thaddues Njoku's research focuses on global counter-terrorism norms and their impact on the spaces and agency of civil society organizations, as well as the gendered and sexual consequences of counter-terrorism laws, policies, and practices.

His research has received funding from the British Academy, UK; American Council of Learned Societies, USA; Social Science Research Council, USA; Brown International Advanced Research Institute fellowship, Brown University, USA; Carnegie Funds for Conference Attendance, Institute of International Education, USA; American Political Science Association, USA; The Centennial Centre for Political Science and Public Affairs of the American Political Science Association, Washington DC, USA; Makarere Institute of Social Research, Uganda; and the University of Ibadan Postgraduate College, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Njoku's research has been published in International AffairsStudies in Conflict and Terrorism, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector QuarterlyVoluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organisations, and Development Policy Review, to mention but a few. His co-authored book (with Scott N. Romaniuk), titled "Counter-terrorism and Civil Society: Post-9/11 Progress and Challenges," was published by Manchester University Press.

ORC Profile


  • PhD in Political Science 2019, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • MSc in Political Science, University of Ibadan, 2010
  • BSc (Hons) in Political Science, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, 2005


Research interests

Civil Society, Development, Conflict, Gender-based violence, Security, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism 

Current projects

  • De-Risking Policy: Terrorism Financing and the Securitization of Muslim Charities in the United Kingdom and Nigeria 
  • Masculinity, Male Bodies and Victimhood in the Context of Counter-Terrorism in North-eastern Nigeria 
  • Rethinking “Victimhood”: Counter-Terrorism, Sexual Violence and Peacebuilding Efforts of Humanitarian Workers in North-eastern Nigeria
  • Civil Society Organisations And Counter-Terrorism In North-eastern Nigeria

Other activities

Country Expert

Varieties of Democracy Project
V-Dem Institute
Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg
Sprängkullsgatan, Gothenburg Sweden 

Contributing Analyst

(Terrorism and Counter-terrorism)
Wikistrat, Inc.
Washington DC, United States.


Book (edited Volume)

Romaniuk, S. N. and Njoku, E.T (2021) Counter-Terrorism and Civil Society Organisations: Post-9/11 Progress and Challenges. Manchester: Manchester University Press  


Njoku, E.T., & Dery, I. (2023). Gendering Counter-Terrorism: Kunya and the Silencing of Male Victims of CRSV in Northeastern Nigeria. African Studies Review, 1-18. doi:10.1017/asr.2023.27 

Njoku, E.T (2022) Strategic exclusion, co-option and containment: towards an integrative theory of state-CSOs relations, Critical Studies on Terrorism, DOI: 10.1080/17539153.2022.2111776

Njoku, E.T, Akintayo, J. & Mohammed, I.  (2022) Sex trafficking and sex-for-food/money: terrorism and conflict-related sexual violence against men in the Lake Chad region, Conflict, Security & Development, 22:1, 79-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/14678802.2022.2034369

Njoku, E.T (2022) Queering Terrorism, Studies in Conflict & Terrorismhttps://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2021.2016514

Adebayo, K. O., & Njoku, E. T. (2022). Local and Transnational Identity, Positionality and Knowledge Production in Africa and the African Diaspora. Field Methodshttps://doi.org/10.1177/1525822X211051574

Njoku, E.T and Dery, I (2021) Spiritual security: an explanatory framework for conflict-related sexual violence against men, International Affairs, Volume 97, Issue 6, November 2021, Pages 1785–1803, https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiab175

Njoku, E.T (2021) The state of terrorism research in Africa, Critical Studies on Terrorism, DOI: 10.1080/17539153.2021.1983113

Njoku, E.T &  Akintayo, J (2021) Sex for survival: Terrorism, poverty and sexual violence in north-eastern Nigeria, South African Journal of International Affairs, 28:2, 285-303

Njoku, E.T (2021) The State and the Securitization of Civil Society Organisations in Nigeria, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly https://doi.org/10.1177/08997640211003256

Njoku, E.T (2021) Strategic Exclusion: The State and the Framing of a Service-Delivery Role for Civil Society Organisations in the Context of Counter-Terrorism in Nigeria, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  44:(5):410-430 

Njoku, E.T (2020) The Merchants of Terror: Neo-patrimonialism, Counter-Terrorism Economy and the Expansion of Terrorism in Nigeria, African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review 10, (2): 83-107 

Njoku, E.T (2020) Politics of Conviviality? State-Civil Society Relations with the Context of Counter-terrorism in Nigeria, Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organisations 31, (5): 1063–1076 

Njoku, E.T (2020) Making Sense of State Service-Delivery Oriented Partnership with Civil Society Organisations in Counter-Terrorism Context in Nigeria, Development Policy Review, 00:1–16, https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12524

Njoku, E.T (2020) Investigating the Intersections between Counterterrorism and NGOs in Nigeria: Development Practice in Conflict-affected Areas, Development in Practice, 30 (4): 501-512 

Njoku, E.T (2019) The ligaments of counter-terrorism regime: sexual violence and the vicarious traumatisation of female non-governmental organisation workers: evidence from Nigeria, Small Wars & Insurgencies, 30:6-7, 1233-1263, DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2019.1649830

Book Chapters 

Romaniuk, S. N. and Njoku, E.T  (2019) 'Speaking Identity: Security Policy and US Foreign Policy' in Romaniuk, S. N. & Grice, F. (eds.), The Future of US Warfare. Abingdon, UK: Routledge 

Njoku, E.T (2017) 'Assimilating the Intersections between Counter-terrorism and Civil Society Organisations through the   Prism of Mixed-Methods Design.' Sage Research Method Cases: Politics and International Relations, London: Sage Publications 

Njoku, E.T (2017) 'Laws for Sale:’ The Domestication of Counterterrorism Legislations and its impact in Nigeria,” in     Romaniuk, S. N., Grice, F., Irrera, F. & Webb, S. (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Global Counterterrorism Policy. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Alice Martini and Njoku, E.T  (2017) 'The Challenges of Defining Terrorism for Counter-Terrorism Policy' (with Martini, A.) in Romaniuk, S. N., Grice, F., Irrera, F. & Webb, S. (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Global Counterterrorism Policy. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan 

Adebayo, K and Njoku, E.T (2016) 'The Practice of Democracy and Public Sphere in Nigeria: The Context and Contribution of Nigerian Diaspora' (with Adebayo, K.) in Romaniuk, S. & Marlin, M. (eds.), Democracy and Civil Society in Global Era. Abingdon, UK: Routledge 

Emordi, A. and Njoku, E.T (2015) 'Gender Conjecture and the Politics of Land Deprivation in South Eastern Nigeria' in Romaniuk, S. N. & Marlin, M. (eds.), Development and the Politics Human Rights. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press          

Njoku, E.T (2015) 'An Assessment of the United Nations Counterterrorism  Initiatives: 2001-2015,' in Romaniuk, S. N. & Webb, S. T. (eds.), Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Modern War. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press 

Book Reviews 

Njoku, E.T (2017) The al-Qaeda Franchise: The Expansion of al-Qaeda and its Consequences” Political Studies Review Vol. 15, Issue 

Njoku, E.T (2016)  Eat the Heart of the Infidel”: The Harrowing of Nigeria and the Rise of Boko Haram” Political Studies Review Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 505-50 

Njoku, E.T (2016)  Al-Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group” Political Studies Review Vol. 15, Issue 4 

Njoku, E.T (2016) Misunderstanding Terrorism” Political Studies Review Vol. 16 Issue 4

View all publications in research portal