Professor Sabine Lee

Department of History
Professor in Modern History

Contact details

Arts Building
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Having graduated from the University of Düsseldorf with a degree in mathematics, history and philosophy I completed an M.Phil in International Relations and PhD in Modern History at the University of Cambridge. I took up a lectureship in European history at the University of Hull in 1993 before joining the Department of Modern History here at Birmingham in 1994.


Sabine Lee is a Professor in Modern History at the University of Birmingham. After studying history, mathematics and philosophy at Düsseldorf University, which she completed with a Staatsexamen in 1989, she obtained an M.Phil in International Relations at the University of Cambridge in 1990. She continued her studies at Cambridge with a project on Anglo-German Relations after the Second World War under David Reynolds. This resulted in a doctoral dissertation which was submitted in 1992.

In January 1993, she joined the Department of European Studies at the University of Hull as Lecturer in Modern History. Since September 1994 she has been at the Department of Modern History here at Birmingham.

Postgraduate supervision

Listed below are the fields in which Sabine Lee is able to offer supervision of research postgraduates.

Children Born of War; Children and War
History of UN Peacekeeping
Conflict-related gender-based violence
Social consequences of war and conflict
20th century British history
20th century international relations
19th and 20th century history of science (particularly mathematics and physics)
20th German history

Find out more - our PhD History  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Sabine’s current research is mainly concerned with the social consequences of war.  A focus has been gender-based violence in war and children born of war, that is children fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local mothers in conflict and post-conflict situations.  She is currently coordinator of CHIBOW, an international interdisciplinary and intersectoral network on Children Born of War and PI on an AHRC-funded network and research project on peacekeeper fathered children in Haiti.

In collaboration with Susan Bartels (Queen’s University, Kingston/Ontario) and Bob McKelvey (Oregon Health and Science University, Portland) she has recently completed a Wellcome Trust-funded research project comparing the life courses of Amerasians in the US and Vietnam.  Sabine has published widely on the social consequences of war, human rights of children born of war, specific case studies and historical comparisons of such children throughout the 20th century, most recently in her monograph Children Born of War in the Twentieth Century.

Past research

After earlier research on refugees and expellees and their organisations in post-war Germany, Sabine turned to 20th century international relations.  Here she focussed in particular on British-German relations after 1945 and post-war European integration and co-operation.  More recently she has studied some questions of 20th century scientific developments and the interplay between science and politics.

Another research focus has been the history of 20th century science, and in particular physics.  Sabine has published a scholarly edition of the private and scientific correspondence of Rudolf Peierls, co-edited a volume on the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction and the Nuclear Many-body Problem and a Festschrift for the American theoretical physicist Gerald E. Brown.  She has also published an edition of the complete correspondence of Nobel Laureate Hans Bethe and Rudolf Peierls.


Recent publications


Lee, S, Glaesmer, H & Stelzl-Marx, B (eds) 2021, Children born of war: past, present, and future. Routledge Studies in Modern History, 1st edn, Routledge.

Lee, S 2017, Children born of war in the twentieth century. Manchester University Press, Manchester. <>


Fraulin, G, Lee, S & Bartels, S 2021, '"They came with cholera when they were tired of killing us with bullets": community perceptions of the 2010 origin of Haiti's cholera epidemic', Global Public Health.

Vahedi, L, Stuart, H, Etienne, S, Lee, S & Bartels , SA 2021, 'Gender-stratified analysis of Haitian perceptions related to sexual abuse and exploitation perpetrated by UN peacekeepers during MINUSTAH', Sexes, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 216-243.

Vahedi, L, Stuart, H, Etienne, S, Lee, S & Bartels, SA 2021, 'The distribution and consequences of sexual misconduct perpetrated by peacekeepers in Haiti: an exploratory cross-sectional analysis', Social Sciences, vol. 10, no. 7, 270.

Bartels, S, King, C & Lee, S 2021, '“When it’s a girl, they have a chance to have sex with them. When it’s a boy...they have been known to rape them”: perceptions of UN peacekeeper-perpetrated sexual exploitation and abuse against women/girls verses men/boys in Haiti', Frontiers in Sociology, vol. 6, 664294.

Vahedi, L, Bartels, S & Lee, S 2020, '"His Future Will not be Bright": A Qualitative Analysis of Mothers' Lived Experiences Raising Peacekeeper-Fathered Children in Haiti', Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 119.

Wagner, K, Glaesmer, H, Bartels, SA & Lee, S 2020, '"If I was with my father such discrimination wouldn't exist, I could be happy like other people": a qualitative analysis of stigma among peacekeeper fathered children in the Democratic Republic of Congo', Conflict and Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 76.

King, C, Lee, S & Bartels, SA 2020, '‘They were going to the beach, acting like tourists, drinking, chasing girls’: a mixed-methods study on community perceptions of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN Peacekeepers in Haiti', Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, vol. 9, no. 1, 10.

Ho, B, Bartels, S & Lee, S 2019, 'Life courses of Amerasians in Vietnam: a qualitative analysis of emotional wellbeing', VNU Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities.

Lee, S & Bartels, S 2019, 'Self-interpreted narrative capture: a research project to examine life courses of Amerasians in Vietnam and the U.S.', Methodological Innovations, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-9.

Vahedi, L, Bartels, S & Lee, S 2019, '‘Even peacekeepers expect something in return’: a qualitative analysis of sexual interactions between UN peacekeepers and female Haitians', Global Public Health, pp. 1-14.

Lee, S & Bartels, S 2019, '‘They put a few coins in your hand to drop a baby in you’: a study of peacekeeper-fathered children in Haiti', International Peacekeeping.,

Lee, S 2017, 'Stanley Mandelstam: The early years at a 'Most Stimulating Theoretical Group'', International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 32, no. 1, 1740007.

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Lee, S 2019, Unintended consequences or desired outcome? Soldiers' children and their role in national rebirth? in K Theidon & D Mazurana (eds), Challenging conceptions: children born of wartime rape and sexual exploitation. University of Pennsylvania Press.

View all publications in research portal


20thcentury international relations; contemporary German history and politics;European integration; post-war British-German relations;  20th century history of science; conflict and security studies; consequences of war; children born of war

Alternative contact number available for this expert: contact the press office


Conflict-related Gender-based violence

Children born of war 



Conflict resolution

International agreements

European integration