Dr Jorge Caamaňo PhD

Jorge Caamaño

Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy
Reader in Cellular Immunology

Contact details

Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy
IBR - College of Medical and Dental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Jorge Caamaño is Reader in Cellular Immunology. He heads the Stroma-Immune Cell Interaction Group.

Jorge’s research focuses on secondary and tertiary lymphoid tissue development and function during immune responses and inflammation.

He has published over seventy articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in the field of immunology, cell and developmental biology and signal transduction. His research has received funding from the European Union, BBSRC, The Wellcome Trust, The Royal Society and MRC.

He is a member of the International Engagement College Group and the Brazil Working Group of the University of Birmingham in charge of promoting collaborations, fostering student exchanges and attracting funding with Brazil and South America.


  • PhD Biochemistry 1992
  • MSc Biochemistry 1987


Jorge received a MSc degree in Biochemistry from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1988 he moved to the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, USA to carry out his PhD studies on the function of the P53 tumour suppressor gene in head and neck tumours as part of a joint program with the University of Buenos Aires.

After graduating, he was awarded a postdoctoral scholarship at the Laboratory of Transcriptional Regulation in the Dept. of Oncology at the Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute in Princeton, USA. During the tenure of his postdoctoral position, he generated a series of genetically modified animal strains to study the role of the Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-kB) family of transcription factors. He continued his work on NF-kB in immune responses to infection at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

In 2000, Jorge was recruited at the University of Birmingham to set up a Stroma-Immune Cell Interaction Group within the School of Immunity and Infection of the College of Medical and Dental Sciences. 

He has received funding from the BBSRC, MRC, the European Union, The Wellcome Trust, and The Royal Society.

Jorge is a member of the editorial board of the Immunity and Infection section of the Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE). He has organized national and international research conferences in Immunology, and was a member of the advisory board of Unit of Molecular Immunology and Signal Transduction, GIGA-Research at the University of Liege, Belgium (2009).


Teaching Programmes

  • Lecturer of Immunology and Hematology to MBChB students.
  • Module coordinator of the Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Cell Differentiation module of the MSc Course in Immunology and Immunotherapy.
  • Personal mentor for 1st and 2nd year medical students at the College of Medicine.
  • Project supervision and laboratory training of PhD students.

Postgraduate supervision

Jorge supervises doctoral research students in the following areas:

  • Signalling pathways involved in the development of secondary lymphoid organs and inflammation.
  • Induction of gene expression by members of theTumour Necrosis Factor Receptor family (TNF-R) and the NF-kB transcription factors during immune responses and disease.
  • The role of the NF-kB transcription factors during cell transformation.

In the last few years three PhD students have successfully completed a PhD under his supervision. They have moved on to pursue careers in academia and in the pharmaceutical industry.

If you are interesting in studying any of these subject areas please contact Dr Jorge Caamaňo directly, or for any general doctoral research enquiries, please email mds-gradschool@contacts.bham.ac.uk.

For a full list of available Doctoral Research opportunities, please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings.


Research Themes

  • Development and function of secondary and tertiary lymphoid tissues. Immune responses in lymphoid tissues
  • The role of immune cells in adipose tissues
  • Innate lymphoid cells and stromal cells

Research Activity

Stromal-Immune Cell Interaction Group

The immune system protects us against infectious diseases by mounting immune responses that aim to ultimately eliminate pathogens that invade our bodies. In order to exert this protection the different cell types of the immune system need to communicate with each other using cell-cell contact mediated by a range of cell surface molecules or by producing soluble factors that act on other cells. These interactions between immune cells are facilitated by their recruitment to specific micro-environments in lymphoid tissues distributed around our bodies such as lymph nodes, Peyer’s patches, bronchial and gut associated lymphoid tissues, fat associated lymphoid clusters, etc.

The main research interests of the team are the interactions between immune and stromal cells that underlie lymphoid tissue formation during embryogenesis and immune responses and inflammation in adults. The team uses in vivo and in vitro approaches combining biochemistry and molecular biology techniques with genetic models and imaging technologies to unravel the cellular and molecular events regulating these processes. Jorge’s team has demonstrated the function of the Lymphotoxin beta receptor and NF-kB signalling in stromal cells during lymph node development (Carragher et al. 2004, White et al. 2007, Benezech et al. 2010).  The team has also shown that interactions between adipocyte progenitor cells from fat pads and immune cells leads to the reprogramming of the former to become lymph node stromal cells that support T cell survival ex vivo (Benezech et al., 2012).

More recently the team has identified the signals and cells required for the formation of a novel type of lymphoid tissues called Fat Associated Lymphoid Clusters (FALCs) located in the mesenteries, myocardium, and mediastinum. Specifically, FALCs respond to inflammatory signals by increasing the size and number of clusters, in particular through the recruitment of macrophages, B1 and B2 cells (Benezech et al., 2015).

By dissecting the molecular interactions between stromal and immune cells during lymphoid tissue formation Jorge’s team aims to understand how to either prevent the ectopic formation of these tissues during autoimmune diseases or to induce their development to support local immune responses against tumours. This knowledge will aid in the development of therapies against inflammation, uncontrolled immune responses and cancer. 

Other Activities

- Jorge is a member of the editorial board of the Immunity and Infection section of the Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE). 

- Jorge is review editor for the e-journal “Frontiers in Immunology”

- He has organized the “17th Germinal Centre Conference on Lymphatic Tissues and Immune Reactions” together with Kai Toellner. 4th-8th of September 2011. The Belfry, West Midlands, UK. 170 participants.

- He has also organized the “Microanatomy of Immune Responses in Health and Disease Conference” together with Peter Lane and Graham Anderson. 5th-8th of September 2009. University of Birmingham, UK. 150 participants.

- He was a member of the advisory board of Unit of Molecular Immunology and Signal Transduction, GIGA-Research at the University of Liege, Belgium (2009).

Other activities

  • Jorge is a member of the editorial board of the Immunity and Infection section of the Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE)
  • He has organised the "17th Germinal Centre Conference on Lymphatic Tissues and Immune Reactions" together with Kai Toellner, 4th - 8th September 2011, The Belfry, West Midlands, UK (170 participants)
  • He has also organised the "Microanatomy of Immune Responses in Health and Disease Conference" together with Peter Lane and Graham Anderson, 5th - 8th September 2009, University of Birmingham, UK (150 participants)
  • He was a member of the advisory board of Unit of Molecular Immunology and Signal Transduction, GIGA-Research at the University of Liege, Belgium, 2009


Recent publications


Rana, BMJ, Jou, E, Barlow, JL, Rodriguez-Rodriguez, N, Walker, JA, Knox, C, Jolin, HE, Hardman, CS, Sivasubramaniam, M, Szeto, A, Cohen, ES, Scott, IC, Sleeman, MA, Chidomere, CI, Cruz Migoni, S, Caamano, J, Jorgensen, HF, Carobbio, S, Vidal-Puig, A & McKenzie, ANJ 2019, 'A stromal cell niche sustains ILC2-mediated type-2 conditioning in adipose tissue', The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 216, no. 9, pp. 1999-2009. https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20190689

Jones, L, Vaida, A, Thompson, L, Ikuomola, F, Caamano, J, Burkitt, M, Miyajima, F, Williams, J, Campbell, B, Pritchard, M & Duckworth, C 2019, 'NF-κB2 signalling in enteroids modulates enterocyte responses to secreted factors from bone marrow-derived dendritic cells', Cell Death and Disease, vol. 10, no. 12, 896, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-019-2129-5

Duchene, J, Novitzky-Basso, I, Thiriot, A, Casanova-Acebes, M, Bianchini, M, Etheridge, SL, Hub, E, Nitz, K, Artinger, K, Eller, K, Caamaño, J, Rülicke, T, Moss, P, Megens, RTA, Von Andrian, UH, Hidalgo, A, Weber, C & Rot, A 2017, 'Atypical chemokine receptor 1 on nucleated erythroid cells regulates hematopoiesis', Nature Immunology, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 753 - 761. https://doi.org/10.1038/ni.3763

Nayar, S, Campos, J, Chung, MM, Navarro-Nunez, L, Chachlani, M, Steinthal, N, Gardner, DH, Rankin, P, Cloake, T, Caamano, J, McGettrick, H, Watson, S, Luther, S, Buckley, C & Barone, F 2016, 'Bimodal expansion of the lymphatic vessels is regulated by the sequential expression of IL-7 and lymphotoxin α1β2 in newly formed tertiary lymphoid structures', Journal of Immunology, vol. 197, no. 5, pp. 1957-1967. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1500686

Cruz-migoni, S & Caamaño, J 2016, 'Fat-Associated Lymphoid Clusters in Inflammation and Immunity', Frontiers in immunology, vol. 7, 612. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00612

Bénézech, C, Luu, N-T, Walker, JA, Kruglov, AA, Loo, Y, Nakamura, K, Zhang, Y, Nayar, S, Jones, LH, Flores-Langarica, A, McIntosh, A, Marshall, J, Barone, F, Besra, G, Miles, K, Allen, JE, Gray, M, Kollias, G, Cunningham, AF, Withers, DR, Toellner, KM, Jones, ND, Veldhoen, M, Nedospasov, SA, McKenzie, ANJ & Caamaño, JH 2015, 'Inflammation-induced formation of fat-associated lymphoid clusters', Nature Immunology, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 819-828. https://doi.org/10.1038/ni.3215

Burkitt, MD, Hanedi, AF, Duckworth, CA, Williams, JM, Tang, JM, O'Reilly, LA, Putoczki, TL, Gerondakis, S, Dimaline, R, Caamano, JH & Pritchard, DM 2015, 'NF-κB1, NF-κB2 and c-Rel differentially regulate susceptibility to colitis-associated adenoma development in C57BL/6 mice', Journal of Pathology, vol. 236, no. 3, pp. 326-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/path.4527

Boutaffala, L, Bertrand, MJM, Remouchamps, C, Seleznik, G, Reisinger, F, Janas, M, Bénézech, C, Fernandes, MT, Marchetti, S, Mair, F, Ganeff, C, Hupalowska, A, Ricci, J-E, Becher, B, Piette, J, Knolle, P, Caamano, J, Vandenabeele, P, Heikenwalder, M & Dejardin, E 2015, 'NIK promotes tissue destruction independently of the alternative NF-κB pathway through TNFR1/RIP1-induced apoptosis', Cell Death & Differentiation , vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 2020-2033. https://doi.org/10.1038/cdd.2015.69

Buckley, C, Barone, F, Nayar, S, Benezech, C & Caamano, J 2015, 'Stromal cells in chronic inflammation and tertiary lymphoid organ formation', Annual review of immunology, vol. 33, pp. 715-745. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-immunol-032713-120252

Bénézech, C, Nayar, S, Finney, BA, Withers, DR, Lowe, K, Desanti, GE, Marriott, CL, Watson, SP, Caamaño, JH, Buckley, CD & Barone, F 2014, 'CLEC-2 is required for development and maintenance of lymph nodes', Blood, vol. 123, no. 20, pp. 3200-3207. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2013-03-489286, https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2013-03-489286

Apta, B, Harrison, MJ, Benezech, C, Karim, S, Ware, CF, Lalor, PF, Caamano, JH & Rainger, GE 2014, 'LYMPHOTOXIN-beta RECEPTOR SIGNALLING LINKS STEATOHEPATITIS, HYPER-LIPIDEMIA AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS', Atherosclerosis, vol. 232, no. 2, pp. e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ATHEROSCLEROSIS.2013.11.008

Furtado, GC, Pacer, ME, Bongers, G, Bénézech, C, He, Z, Chen, L, Berin, MC, Kollias, G, Caamaño, JH & Lira, SA 2014, 'TNFα-dependent development of lymphoid tissue in the absence of RORγt⁺ lymphoid tissue inducer cells', Mucosal immunology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 602-614. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2013.79

Williams, JM, Duckworth, CA, Watson, AJM, Frey, MR, Miguel, JC, Burkitt, MD, Sutton, R, Hughes, KR, Hall, LJ, Caamaño, JH, Campbell, BJ & Pritchard, DM 2013, 'A mouse model of pathological small intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis and shedding induced by systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide', Disease Models & Mechanisms, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1388-99. https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.013284

Benezech, C & Caamano, JH 2013, 'Generation of lymph node-fat pad chimeras for the study of lymph node stromal cell origin', Journal of Visualized Experiments , no. 82, pp. e50952. https://doi.org/10.3791/50952

Review article

Kucuk, S, Niven, J, Caamano, J, Jones, S, Camacho-muñoz, D, Nicolaou, A & Mauro, C 2021, 'Unwrapping the mechanisms of ceramide and fatty acid-initiated signals leading to immune-inflammatory responses in obesity', The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol. 135, 105972. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2021.105972

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