Dr Babu Naidu

Photograph of Mr Babu Naidu

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing
Clinical Scientist

Contact details

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing
College of Medical and Dental Sciences
Centre for translational Inflammation Research
University of Birmingham Laboratories
Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham
Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT

Dr Babu Naidu is based at the University Of Birmingham and an honorary Consultant Thoracic Surgeon based at Heart of England NHS foundation Trust, the largest thoracic surgical centre in England.


  • 2006 C-Th, Intercollegiate Diploma Royal College of Surgeons
  • 2004 MD, King's College (University of London)
  • 1998 FRCSEd, Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh
  • 1998 FRCSEng, Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) England
  • 1997 MMed Sci, Trauma Surgery (University of Birmingham)
  • 1997 MBBS, King's College (University of London)


A native of Birmingham, Dr Naidu qualified and trained in the UK and undertook basic science research in lung injury at the University of Washington, Seattle, USA.  

His clinical and research interests include:

  • Enhanced recovery/rehabilitation for surgery
  • Mechanism, detection and therapy of post operative acute lung injury
  • Chest wall motion analysis novel technology and clinical uses
  • Bio markers in lung (primary and metastatic) cancer
  • Novel Surgical treatment for Emphysema


Undergraduate teaching

  • MBChB - Second Year Medical Students Student Project 1 2013/14 Lung Cancer

Postgraduate teaching

  • Master Course: Design, Analysis & Interpretation of Epidemiological Research (University of Warwick (2010-2014)
  • West Midlands Deanery – Respiratory Medicine and Cardiothoracic Surgery (2009-current) lectures
  • Allied Health Professional
  • Nurses and Physiotherapists on nationally accredited Thoracic Surgery workshop (2008-current)
  • Regional Training Committee member West Midlands Deanery (2009-current)
  • Development and organisation of ‘Masterclass in Thoracic Surgery’ internationally attended
  • Faculty member Birmingham Cardiothoracic review course (2009-current)


Lung cancer kills more than the next three most common malignancies combined; UK survival rates are very poor. Surgery remains the only cure. Three approaches to improve cancer outcomes are:

  • Reducing complications so allowing safer surgery
  • Improving diagnosis
  • Preventing recurrence after surgery

Reducing Complications

  • Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are the most frequently observed complications and have significant clinical and economic impact. Modifying risk factors and targeted therapy (non invasive ventilation, minitracheostomy, incentive spirometry, pre and post operative rehabilitation; the ROC programme.. see video) are potential mitigating strategies we have studied;
  • Post operative acute lung injury (PALI) surgery occurs rarely but accounts for many of the deaths after surgery. It is currently impossible to predict who will develop it and once developed is difficult to treat. Defining contributory factors to this inflammatory response via translational research may lead to targeted preventative treatment;
  • Dysfunctional chest wall motion (CWM) may contribute to worse patient outcomes after 1) open versus minimally invasive surgery (MIS); and 2) flexible versus rigid chest wall replacement (in cancers involving chest wall). Dynamic CWM analysis measures volume variations and coordination of thoracoabdominal components and may be used to target therapy. We are using several technologies to measure this including Microsoft Kinnect;
  • Acute pain following surgery can lead to complications. Thoracic epidural is the gold standard for pain relief but it has side effects which could be avoided by the use of an alternate analgesic method - paravertebral blockade.

Improving diagnosis

  • Understanding how Lung Diseases develop relies on tissue to provide primary cells and a tissue bank. These are facilitated by pooling of expertise and resources in the Midlands Lung Tissue Collaboration (MLTC). This programme has for the last 9 years used the otherwise discarded tissue after lung surgery;
  • Carcinoma in lung biomarkers trial (Club) could help diagnose and define potential of spread of cancer through analysis of protein expression in serum or blood before and after surgery. This on-going Cancer Research UK project has banked serum samples from patients over the last 15 years.

Reducing Recurrence

  • Cancer-specific antigens, delivered as recombinant proteins and combined with potent immunological stimulants represent an entirely novel approach to the treatment of cancer. They aim at the recognition and elimination of cancerous cells by the patient’s own immune system thus preventing relapse of cancer after surgery. We are involved in two such studies.

Though focused on cancer many of these projects also relevant and involve non cancer patients.

Other activities

  • 2016 Member Lung Cancer CSG (NCRN)
  • 2013 to 2014 - National Advisor Enhanced Recovery in Thoracic Surgery (Department of Health)
  • 2010 to current - Member LORD sub group Lung cancer CSG (NCRN)
  • 2010 to current - Lead of Thoracic surgery Research Collaborative
  • 2010 to current - Member UK Lung cancer coalition
  • 2009 to current - Surgical Representative Midlands Thoracic Society


Yeung JH, Gates S, Naidu BV, Wilson MJ and Gao Smith F (2016) Paravertebral block versus thoracic epidural for patients undergoing thoracotomy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD009121

Harte JM, Golby CK, Acosta J, Nash EF, Kiraci E, Williams MA, Arvanitis TN and Naidu B (2016) Chest wall motion analysis in healthy volunteers and adults with cystic  fibrosis using a novel Kinect-based motion tracking system. Med Biol Eng Comput [Epub ahead of print]

Elshafie G, Acosta J, Aliverti A, Bradley A, Kumar P, Rajesh P and Naidu B (2016) Chest wall mechanics before and after diaphragm plication. J Cardiothorac Surg 11(1):25

Lugg ST, Agostini PJ, Tikka T, Kerr A, Adams K, Bishay E, Kalkat MS, Steyn RS, Rajesh PB, Thickett DR and Naidu B (2016) Long-term impact of developing a postoperative pulmonary complication after lung surgery. Thorax 71(2):171-6

Farley A, Aveyard P, Kerr A, Naidu B and Dowswell G (2016) Surgical lung cancer patients' views about smoking and support to quit after diagnosis: a qualitative  study. J Cancer Surviv 10(2):312-9

Dancer RC, Parekh D, Lax S, D'Souza V, Zheng S, Bassford CR, Park D, Bartis DG, Mahida R, Turner AM, Sapey E, Wei W, Naidu B, Stewart PM, Fraser WD, Christopher KB, Cooper MS, Gao F, Sansom DM, Martineau AR, Perkins GD and Thickett DR (2015) Vitamin D deficiency contributes directly to the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Thorax 70(7):617-24

Zhuang X, Herbert JM, Lodhia P, Bradford J, Turner AM, Newby PM, Thickett D, Naidu U, Blakey D, Barry S, Cross DA and Bicknell R (2015) Identification of novel vascular targets in lung cancer. Br J Cancer 112(3):485-94

Bradley A, Marshall A, Stonehewer L, Reaper L, Parker K, Bevan-Smith E, Jordan C, Gillies J, Agostini P, Bishay E, Kalkat M, Steyn R, Rajesh P, Dunn J and Naidu B (2013) Pulmonary rehabilitation programme for patients undergoing curative lung cancersurgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 44(4):e266-71

Agostini P, Naidu B, Cieslik H, Steyn R, Rajesh PB, Bishay E, Kalkat MS and Singh S (2013) Effectiveness of incentive spirometry in patients following thoracotomy and lung resection including those at high risk for developing pulmonary complications. Thorax 68(6):580-5

Bradley A, Marshall A, Abdelaziz M, Hussain K, Agostini P, Bishay E, Kalkat M, Steyn R, Rajesh P, Dunn J and Naidu B (2012) Thoracoscore fails to predict complications following elective lung resection. Eur Respir J 40(6):1496-501

View all publications in research portal