Dr Lovleen Bhullar

Dr Lovleen Bhullar

Birmingham Law School
Assistant Professor

Contact details

University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Lovleen Bhullar is an Assistant Professor at the University of Birmingham. Her research and teaching interests include international and domestic environmental law and policy, environmental constitutionalism, and enforcement of environmental rights. She has co-edited Right to Sanitation in India: Critical Perspectives (Oxford University Press 2019), and contributed to Indian Environmental Law: Key Concepts and Principles (Orient Blackswan 2019).


  • PhD, SOAS – University of London
  • MSc Environmental Policy and Regulation, LSE
  • LLM, SOAS – University of London
  • LLB, National Law School of India University, Bangalore


Dr Lovleen Bhullar joined Birmingham Law School in September 2020 as Lecturer. Previously, she was a Research Fellow in Regulation and Antimicrobial Resistance at Edinburgh Law School. While pursuing doctoral studies, she taught Law and Nature (LLB), International Environmental Law (LLM) and Water Law and Governance (LLM/MSc). She is also an Editor of the Law, Environment and Development (LEAD) journal.

Dr Bhullar holds an LLB degree from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, an LLM in Environmental Law (Distinction) from SOAS – University of London, and an MSc in Environmental Policy and Regulation (Distinction) from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her doctoral research, funded by the Bloomsbury PhD studentship, examined the scope and limits of environmental rights litigation as a solution to the problem of water pollution in India. She is a former Commonwealth Scholar (2006-2007).


  • Environmental Law (LLB)
  • Energy and Environmental Law (LLM)
  • Distance Learning Environmental Law (LLM)

Postgraduate supervision

- Social rights (eg environment, health, sanitation, water)
- Environmental law, natural resources law, water law, climate change law
- South Asia and Southeast Asia

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Dr Lovleen Bhullar is interested in the formulation and implementation of environmental law and policy. She has extensive research experience in the areas of law and policy relating to the environment, climate change, sanitation and water in India as well as environment-related rights at the international level and in India. In addition, she has worked on climate change and water governance issues in Southeast Asia. From 2018 to 2020, Dr Bhullar examined smart regulation of four specific pathways for the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in India. Her current areas of research explore aspects of environmental constitutionalism, and adopt a human rights approach to regulation of antimicrobial resistance.


Recent publications


Cullet, P, Koonan, S & Bhullar, L (eds) 2019, Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.


Bhullar, L 2024, 'Green public procurement of pharmaceuticals as a regulatory response to antimicrobial resistance and its compatibility with the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement', Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law. https://doi.org/10.1111/reel.12543

Bhullar, L 2022, 'Environmental Constitutionalism and Duties of Individuals in India', Journal of Environmental Law, pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqac010

Cullet, P & Bhullar, L 2022, 'The regulation of planetary health challenges: a co-benefits approach for AMR and WASH', Environmental Policy and Law, vol. 52, no. 3-4, pp. 289-299. https://doi.org/10.3233/EPL-219040

Utyasheva, L & Bhullar, L 2021, 'Human rights perspective on pesticide exposure and poisoning in children: a case study of India', Health and Human Rights, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 49-61. <https://www.hhrjournal.org/2021/12/human-rights-perspective-on-pesticide-exposure-and-poisoning-in-children-a-case-study-of-india/>

Porter, G, Kotwani, A, Bhullar, L & Joshi, J 2021, 'Over-the-counter sales of antibiotics for human use in India: the challenges and opportunities for regulation', Medical law international, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 147-173. https://doi.org/10.1177/09685332211020786

Cullet, P, Bhullar, L & Koonan, S 2021, 'Water security and international law', Annual Review of Law and Social Science, vol. 17, pp. 261-276. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-010421-014915


Bhullar, L 2023, Meanings of Energy Justice in the Low-Carbon Transition. in G Bellantuono, L Godden, H Mostert, H Wiseman & H Zhang (eds), Handbook of Energy Law in the Low-Carbon Transition. De Gruyter, pp. 65-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110752403-011

Bhullar, L 2021, Living law: what can comparative approaches tell us? in SJ Cooper-Knock & DN Ndlovu (eds), Liberating Comparisons. York Tree Publications, pp. 89-97.

Koonan, S & Bhullar, L 2019, Sanitation, Gender Inequality and Implications for Rights. in P Cullet, S Koonan & L Bhullar (eds), Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives . Oxford University Press, pp. 380.

Bhullar, L 2019, The Environmental Dimension of the Right to Sanitation. in P Cullet, S Koonan & L Bhullar (eds), Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives . Oxford University Press, pp. 261.

Bhullar, L 2019, The judiciary and the right to environment in India: past, present and future. in S Ghosh (ed.), Indian Environmental Law: Key Concepts and Principles. Orient Blackswan, New Delhi, pp. 21-54. <https://cprindia.org/books/indian-environmental-law-key-concepts-and-principles/>

Bhullar, L 2019, The polluter pays principle: scope and limits of judicial decisions. in S Ghosh (ed.), Indian Environmental Law: Key Concepts and Principles. Orient Blackswan, New Delhi, pp. 152-191. <https://cprindia.org/books/indian-environmental-law-key-concepts-and-principles/>


Porter, G, Joshi, J, Bhullar, L & Kotwani, A 2020, 'Using ‘Smart Regulation’ to Tackle Antimicrobial Resistance in Low- and Middle-income Countries', BMJ Global Health, vol. 5, no. 1.

Commissioned report

Acton, J, Anderson, P, Andres, L, Angus, M, Amor, P, Arrowsmith, J (ed.), Asmelash, H, Bartington, S (ed.), Bengtsson, F, Bhullar, L, Bloss, W, Bonet, B, Börner, S, O Bonsu, N, Bryson, JR, Burns, V, Burrows, A, Calvert, C, Cassidy, N, Cavoski, A, Chadyiwa, M, Chapman, H, Chapman, L, Cockram, M, Degendardt, L, Dickinson, D, Ding, Y, Dobrzynski, D, Dolo, M, Dora, J, Ercolani, M, Ersoy, A, Farag, H, Ferranti, E, Fisher, R, Freer, M, Goldmann, N, Goode, CE, Greenham, S, Gulati, S, Hadfield-Hill, S, Harper, G, Hegerl, G, Hillmansen, S, Holmes, J, Huang, JJ, Huser, C, Jackson, R, Jaroszweski, D, Jefferson, I, Johnson, J, Kaewunruen, S, Kelly-Akinnuoye, F, Kettles, G, Kraftl, P, Krause, S, Leckebusch, GC, Lee, R, Lockwood, B (ed.), Lohse, J, Luna Diez, E, Lynch, I (ed.), MacKenzie, R, Maddison, D, Makepeace, J, Mann, V, Marino, R, Mavronicola, N, McDonald, M, McGowan, K (ed.), Metje, N, Ng, K, Nicol, J, O'Sullivan, C, Phalkey, N, Prestwood, E, Pyatt, N, Quinn, A, Radcliffe, J (ed.), Ravi, M, Reardon, L, Reeder, T, O’Regan, P, Remedios, L, Roberts, J, Rogers, C, Rungskunroch, P, van Schaik, W, Swan, J (ed.), Thomson, I, Toft, H (ed.), Tong, J, Botello Villagrana, F, Walton, A, Wason, C (ed.), Weir, C, Wood, R & Zhong, J 2021, Addressing the climate challenge. University of Birmingham. https://doi.org/10.25500/epapers.bham.00003451

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