Professor Janine Natalya Clark

Birmingham Law School
Professor of Transitional Justice and International Criminal Law

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Janine Natalya Clark joined Birmingham Law School in October 2014. She was promoted to Reader in 2016 and promoted to Professor in 2018. Her research interests include transitional justice, armed conflict, resilience, social-ecological systems, posthumanism, new materialism and disability.

Janine has four research monographs and one co-edited book. Her most recent book – Resilience, Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Transitional Justice: A Social-Ecological Framing – resulted from a research project funded by the European Research Council (grant number 724518). Janine’s interdisciplinary work has also been published in a wide range of peer-reviewed journals, including The International Journal of Transitional Justice, International Affairs, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, The British Journal of SociologyEnvironmental Sociology and Qualitative Research.

Janine has recently been awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship (2024-2025), to work on a project entitled ‘Rethinking Transitional Justice: The Significance of More-than-Human Worlds’.


  • LLB (Bristol)
  • MA (Leeds)
  • PhD (Nottingham)


Professor Clark received her PhD from the University of Nottingham in 2006 and subsequently spent three years in the International Politics department at Aberystwyth University as an ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship and Leverhulme Early Career Fellow respectively. Before joining Birmingham Law School in October 2014, she held Lecturer positions in the Post-War Reconstruction and Development Unit at the University of York (2009-2010), the School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy at Queen’s University in Belfast (2010-2011) and in the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield (2011-2014). She was promoted to Chair in 2018.

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Clark is interested in supervising research in the following areas:

Transitional justice
Armed conflict

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


In 2017, Janine was awarded a five-year European Research Council Consolidator Grant. Most recently, in March 2024, she was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship to work on a project entitled ‘Rethinking Transitional Justice: The Significance of More-than-Human Worlds’. The aim of the project, which focuses on Ukraine as a case study and draws on posthumanist scholarship, is to rethink and expand the field of transitional justice in ways that acknowledge the suffering and agency of more-than-human worlds in situations of war and armed conflict.


Recent publications


Clark, JN 2024, 'Post-traumatic growth, resilience and social-ecological synergies: Some reflections from a study on conflict-related sexual violence', Social Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 104.

Clark, JN 2024, 'Resilience as a "concept at work" in the war in Ukraine: Exploring its international and domestic significance', Review of International Studies.

Clark, JN 2023, 'Human-animal connections: Expanding and cross-worlding relational approaches to resilience', Environmental Sociology.

Clark, JN & Jefferies, P 2023, 'Measuring Resilience and the Importance of Resource Connectivities: Revising the Adult Resilience Measure (RRC-ARM)', Social Sciences, vol. 12, no. 5, 290.

Clark, J 2023, 'Music, resilience and 'soundscaping': some reflections on the war in Ukraine', Cultural Sociology, vol. 2023, pp. 1-21.

Clark, JN 2023, 'Post-research reflexivity in qualitative research: Through cloaks and cross-threading', Qualitative Research.

Clark, JN 2023, 'Transitional justice and inclusiveness: Where does disability fit in?', Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Clark, JN 2023, 'Where are the voices and experiences of persons with disabilities/disabled people in transitional justice research and practice?', Journal of Human Rights Practice.

Clark, JN 2023, 'Why matter matters: Conflict-related sexual violence and the relevance of new materialism', Millennium: Journal of International Studies.

Clark, J 2022, 'Disability and fieldwork: a personal reflection', Qualitative Research, pp. 1-9.

Clark, J, Jefferies, P & Ungar, M 2022, 'Event centrality and conflict-related sexual violence: a new application of the Centrality of Event Scale (CES)', International Review of Victimology.

Clark, J 2022, 'Following one's nose: 'Smellwalks' through qualitative data', Qualitative Research.

Clark, J 2022, 'Harm, relationality and more-than-human worlds: developing the field of transitional justice in new posthumanist directions', International Journal of Transitional Justice.

Clark, J 2022, 'On disability, humour and rabbit holes: a personal reflection', Disability & Society, vol. 37, no. 9, 2103792, pp. 1541-1545.

Clark, J 2022, 'Resilience in the context of conflict-related sexual violence and beyond: a "sentient ecology" framework', British Journal of Sociology, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 352-369.

View all publications in research portal


Education and Sensitization in the Fight against Sexual Violence in Conflict: Tackling Prejudice and Social Stigma in Bosnia-Herzegovina

  • Sexual violence in conflict
  • International criminal courts
  • Transitional justice