Dr Darragh Byrne BPhil, DPhil (Oxon)

Dr Darragh Byrne

Department of Philosophy
Lecturer in Philosophy

Contact details

ERI Building
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

My main interests are in philosophy of mind and language, though I tend to preoccupy myself with relatively general issues that arise where those areas intersect with epistemology and metaphysics, rather than with fine-grained debates internal to the philosophies of mind and language. Thus, I have tried to defend very broadly empiricist conceptions of linguistic understanding and concept possession and to bring those conceptions to bear on issues such as semantic externalism, self-knowledge, a priori knowledge, and consciousness. For some details, see ‘Research’ below.


I joined the Department in 2000, after completing a doctoral degree at Oxford.



  • 1st year: Formal Logic
  • 2nd year: Speaking of Things (an introductory course on linguistic and mental singular reference).


  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Epistemology

Postgraduate supervision

I’m happy to supervise PG students in many areas of philosophy of mind and language, epistemology and metaphysics, and I’d like to have more PG students. More specifically, I’d be especially delighted to supervise on the following areas:

Consciousness (especially semantic and epistemic issues)
First-person knowledge
A priori knowledge
Epistemic contextualism
Objectivity, realism and anti-realism
Rule-following and the ‘normativity of meaning’

Find out more - our PhD Philosophy  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Recently I have worked mainly on issues involving phenomenal concepts: i.e. concepts that conscious subjects are said to have of what it is like for them to undergo experiences. Advocates of what has become known as the ‘phenomenal concepts strategy’ in the debate over the metaphysics of consciousness maintain that these concepts enjoy peculiarly direct semantics, and they invoke this feature in an attempt to defuse influential anti-physicalist arguments. In ‘Do Phenomenal Conceps Misrepresent?’ (abstract) - forthcoming in Philosophical Psychology, I defend this approach against a recent attack by James Tartaglia, and in the near future I hope to extend my defence so as to address other philosophers who attack the phenomenal concepts strategy in a manner similar to that of Tartaglia.

In ‘Phenomenal Senses’ I complain that the theories advocated by orthodox advocates of the phenomenal concepts strategy are threatened by some of the same worries that face Millian accounts of singular reference, and I defend an alternative, neo-Fregean (and somewhat empiricist) account of phenomenal concepts which avoids these worries without surrendering dialectical ground to anti-physicalists. In ‘Frege and the Problem of Consciousness’ (forthcoming in Leach and Tartaglia (eds.) Consciousness and the Great Philosophers) I investigate what Frege himself might have thought about these issues.

In ‘Phenomenal Justification and the Intuition of Distinctness’ I explore some of the epistemic ramifications of views like mine, and suggest that my proposal delivers a more satisfying explanation of why physicalism is hard to believe than does that of David Papineau (a prominent advocate of the orthodox conception of phenomenal concepts who explicitly addresses the question of why physicalism is hard to believe). In ‘Phenomenal Concepts and Language’, I explore the question whether phenomenal concepts are expressed by terms of ordinary languages, and defend a negative answer. A welcome consequence of this is that it provides advocates of the phenomenal concepts strategy with a novel response to recent attacks by Michael Tye and Derek Ball. In the near future I hope to explore ramifications of my views on the effability of phenomenal content for hoary old chestnuts such as Wittgenstein’s rule-following considerations and private language argument. (A short overview piece on the latter which I wrote a long time ago.)

Another area of my work belongs to the intersection of philosophy of language, mind and epistemology. In ‘The Candour of Sense’ I defend the compatibility of semantic externalism with the neo-Fregean approach to singular reference. I argue that this requires us to overhaul the version of neo-Fregean externalism associated with John McDowell and Gareth Evans, but that the revisions I propose are independently defensible. ‘Weak Externalism’ and ‘Sufficient Absences: Constitution or Evidence?’ are older unpublished papers in which I explored other facets of the semantic externalism issue. For more older work in this area, see Publications below.

A number of years ago I undertook to compare the holism about reasons which Jonathan Dancy defends in his work on moral particularism with other kinds of holism, such as those associated with confirmation and with meaning, and I drafted a paper defending a version of moral particularism which resembles Dancy’s in its epistemic aspects but not in its metaphysical ones. Since then I have been too busy with other projects to bring this paper to publishable form, but if anyone is interested, I’d be delighted to send you what I have, and to discuss.


Recent publications


Byrne, D & Kolbel, M 2009, Arguing about language. Routledge.

Byrne, D 2009, The Philosophical Quarterly. vol. 58, Not Known. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9213.2008.572_06.x


Byrne, D 2020, 'Anti-individualism and phenomenal content', Erkenntnis. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-019-00179-2

Byrne, D 2016, 'Do Phenomenal Concepts Misrepresent?', Philosophical Psychology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 669-678. https://doi.org/10.1080/09515089.2015.1108398

Byrne, D 2005, 'Compositionality and the Manifestation Challenge', Synthese, vol. 144, pp. 101-136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-005-0384-8

Byrne, D 2004, 'Gardiner on Anti-Realism: A Defence of Dummett', Dialogue: Canadian Philosophy Review, vol. XLIII, no. 1, pp. 3-24.

Byrne, D 2004, 'The "Compositional Rigidity" of Recognitionality', Philosophical Papers, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 147-169.

Byrne, D 2004, 'Three Notions of Tacit Knowledge', Agora (Santiago de Compostela), vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 61-85.

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Byrne, D 2016, Frege and the Problem of Consciousness. in S Leach & J Tartaglia (eds), Consciousness and the Great Philosophers: What Would They Have Said about Our Mind-Body Problem?. Routledge.


Byrne, D & Thompson, N 2024, Grounding Antiphysicalism. in GO Rabin (ed.), Grounding and Consciousness. Oxford University Press.

Book/Film/Article review

Byrne, D 2008, 'Review of Externalism: Putting Mind and World Back Together Again, by Mark Rowalnds', The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 58, no. 232.


Hall, T, Byrne, D, Bryan, A, Kitching, K, Ní Chróinín, D, O’Toole, C & Addley, J 2021, 'COVID-19 and education: positioning the pandemic; facing the future', Irish Educational Studies, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 147-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/03323315.2021.1915636

Review article

Byrne, D 2010, 'Consciousness', Oxford Bibliographies Online, vol. 1. https://doi.org/10.1093/OBO/9780195396577-0025

Byrne, D 2007, 'A Priori Justification', Philosophical Books, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 241-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0149.2007.00447.x

Byrne, D 2003, 'Review of Semantic Challenges to Realism by mark Quentin Gardiner', The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 53, pp. 117-120.

View all publications in research portal