On 9 July 2018, the British American Security Information Council, the Institute for Conflict, Cooperation and Security at the University of Birmingham, NATO Watch, and King’s College London hosted a conference to discuss the most pressing challenges facing NATO as it approached its upcoming summit in Brussels.

The conference was convened to discuss an overarching question: ‘Is NATO’s 360 degree approach to deterrence and collective defence over-stretched and under-powered?’ In an increasingly complex and unstable geopolitical environment and with a myriad of internal challenges threatening NATO cohesion, this was a timely and important opportunity to review the alliance’s trajectory.