Football is still everything without its fans

views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Birmingham

“The home-team advantage is a well-known phenomenon in sport, with home teams in the English football leagues 12% more likely to win over the away team.”

Hide

Football attracts one of the biggest audiences, on average between 20,000 to 75,000 fans visit each Premier league game. Therefore, it is no wonder that the famous quote from Celtic Manager Jock Stein, ‘football is nothing without its fans’, feels somewhat fitting in the current climate. The financial impact of this on the football clubs is callosal with one of their main revenues being the facility to enable fans to watch their beloved teams close up and in person. Of course, this has also had a major effect on the fans, with them now having to swap the match atmosphere and the half-time pies, for a tv remote and the comfort of their sofa at home. Questions are beginning to be asked to whether it has impacted the athlete’s performance? Has it psychologically influenced their game? Is that it for the home-team advantage?

The home-team advantage is a well-known phenomenon in sport, with home teams in the English football leagues 12% more likely to win over the away team. The home-team advantage is due to a number of factors such as familiarity of the stadium, less travel time and crowd support. Crowd support plays a pivotal role in determining referees decisions and influencing players performance, however this has now been taken away from the game.

Social pressures from the home crowd tend to have a bias effect on the referee’s decisions such as more punishments are given to the away side for foul play, whilst they tend to turn more of a blind eye to the home team. Additionally, it has been found that they taper how much extra time they add depending if the home side needs a goal to win. One study found an average of 18 seconds more time was given to the home team if they needed it. In contrast, now that the games are played behind closed doors the referee bias has decreased, if not stopped. Using data from 6,481 football matches, including 1,489 that were played with no spectators across 17 countries, there was a one-third reduction in yellow cards presented to the away side. In the Premier League alone for the 2019/20 season there was a 28% decrease in referee bias in games played behind closed doors. Furthermore, extra time given has also reduced, with home-sides in German football gaining 50 seconds less time than when the games were played pre-Covid). Consequently, on referee bias alone, it seems that the home-team advantage may have disappeared.

Home crowds can also positively and detrimentally influence an athlete’s performance through social facilitation or inhibition. Some athletes may find that the supportive home crowds result in social facilitation whereby the presence of the audience increase their arousal and motivation resulting in them playing optimally. Whilst, crowds that jeer and are unsupportive can negatively impact performance, which tends to be the case for the visiting sides especially moments before a penalty kick. Consequently, with the games now being played with no spectators, this impacts the athletes that need an audience to maintain their level of arousal. For instance, crowd support has been found to be especially helpful in the second half when the athletes are mentally and physically fatigued, therefore without the crowd to spur them on, some footballers are not as ‘energised’ to put the extra effort in, succumbing to their fatigue and playing poorly. In the other hand, some athletes may find that the presence of an audience socially inhibits their performance, especially if they perform in front of a larger audience than what they are familiar with. This can be seen in the FA cup when lower level teams play against bigger teams such as the Shrewsbury versus Liverpool. Therefore, these athletes that suffer from social inhibition, may actually be playing better behind closed doors as they have not got the social pressure from the fans to do well.

Despite all this, researchers have recently demonstrated that footballers are beginning to adapt to playing behind closed doors, with the ‘ghost effect’ (no audience) having less and less of an impact on overall performance. So yes, maybe, football is still everything it was without its fans present and we will just have to enjoy it from the comfort of our sofa for a little longer.

Have your say...

Feedback
  • Chres L.
    External
    1. At 10:47AM on 23 June 2021, Chres L. wrote

    Crowd support plays a pivotal role in determining referees decisions and influencing players performance, however this has now been taken away from the game.

    - https://www.durhamng.com/benicia.html

  • Harry Onel
    External
    2. At 6:26AM on 12 October 2021, Harry Onel wrote

    Several basic rules and regulations of modern football are said to have been developed in England, where the game is believed to have originated. FIFA is currently the world's most-watched sport. International football is played by almost every country. I would like to visit https://www.dissertation-service.org/dissertation-defense-presentation/ website now in order to prepare my dissertation on defense.

  • David Johnn
    External
    3. At 8:54AM on 17 November 2021, David Johnn wrote

    Get Do My Assignment service from top professionals at cheap prices. https://www.globalassignmenthelp.com/uk/do-my-assignment

  • David Johnn
    External
    4. At 8:55AM on 17 November 2021, David Johnn wrote

    Get Do My Assignment service from top professionals at cheap prices. https://www.globalassignmenthelp.com/uk/do-my-assignment

  • Proofreading dissertation UK
    External
    5. At 10:58AM on 02 December 2021, wrote

    I guess it is not, because the fans are the only ones who made the sports popular among every other human who is using social platforms, the love and passion for their favorite teams is the reason why sports has a lot of love and reach. Proofreading dissertation UK are also willing to help the students with the best academic services at affordable cost.

  • Good persuasive essay topics
    External
    6. At 8:37PM on 02 December 2021, wrote

    Indeed I agree with the writer of this blog. You can access essays on many tones through our link.

  • British essay writers
    External
    7. At 8:35PM on 03 December 2021, wrote

    This is the most outstanding website. You can access explicit content through our link.

  • Proofreading service UK
    External
    8. At 4:10PM on 05 December 2021, wrote

    We work with over 200 native English-speaking editors based around the world, so there’s always someone ready to take your order. Proofreading service UK

    Our editors have a wide range of academic expertise, and they all go through a rigorous application and training process.

  • write my essay UK
    External
    9. At 2:58PM on 06 December 2021, wrote

    Good information is provided in this article, which help us to find the main objective of this article and also help us to use this message in our daily life write my essay UK. Royal British Essay Writers Academic Services provider in UK

  • Do my assignment
    External
    10. At 9:19AM on 07 December 2021, wrote

    Do my assignment are the only name you need for 100% original academic writing services. "< href="https://royalukessaywriters.co.uk/write-my-assignment">Do my assignment" We excel at producing the highest quality work exclusively written in the UK by Postgraduate, Masters and PhD qualified writers, all graduates from top British universities.

  • English assignment help
    External
    11. At 10:34AM on 13 December 2021, wrote

    Are you looking for English assignment help online? You've come to the correct location. Our staff of experts is well-versed in giving online assistance with English assignments.

  • Mobile in Pakistan
    External
    12. At 11:49AM on 27 December 2021, wrote

    Wow thanks for making this vlauable stuff post you have made some nice article .

  • Emma Taylor
    External
    13. At 11:26PM on 30 December 2021, Emma Taylor wrote

    I'm a big fan of football and totally in favor of this blog. Football is itself a vibe and doesn't require the need of fans. Once in https://karachirestaurants.biz/, I had a experience to watch an amazing football match. I could never forget that evening.

  • Olivia
    External
    14. At 9:31AM on 31 December 2021, Olivia wrote

    Students majoring in law often get many writing tasks. They range from simple essays and case studies to complicated assignments, like coursework, research papers, or dissertations. Sometimes, investigations can take so much time that one may easily miss important life events. Without proper assistance, composing an essay can be challenging and tedious. How about seeking a law essay writing service in the UK to get your papers done at a reasonable price? With UK.EduBirdie, you’ll complete all your tasks without much of a hassle. Our professional essay writers always provide Law essay writing service UK of the best quality!

  • Online Assignment Help
    External
    15. At 8:49AM on 18 January 2022, wrote

    The one most reasons for taking online assignment help in Australia is to submit the assignment on the deadline. It becomes very difficult for the students to complete assignments with other work. Getting expert assignment help, students can easily submit top-quality assignments before the deadline. The writers ensure students deliver timely assignments.

  • Joe Hudson
    External
    16. At 10:02AM on 28 January 2022, Joe Hudson wrote

    Football is such a game that clearly doesn't need any fan following to be popular but still, fans make every game more widespread. According to https://logoglory.com/, the tickets of the football ground went out of stock due to the huge audience.

  • Clara
    External
    17. At 5:56PM on 30 January 2022, Clara wrote

    I wanted to wish one of my best friends in the football stadium as she loves football more than anything. I have some ideas of birthday wishes from https://funbirthdaywishes.com/ as this website has a collection of exceptional ideas to wish your loved ones.

  • Clara
    External
    18. At 6:01PM on 30 January 2022, Clara wrote

    I want to wish one of my best friends in the stadium of football as she is a dying heart fan of football games. I have some ideas of wishes from the website of https://funbirthdaywishes.com/. It is a phenomenal website of birthdays, anniversary wishes, etc.

  • William Woodruff
    External
    19. At 11:01AM on 07 February 2022, William Woodruff wrote

    Finally, I am glad to see something interesting on the Journal 5 theme. I was tired of seeing people not using this fantastic theme properly, but I'm glad you broke the old tradition. https://www.theacademicpapers.co.uk/

  • Rijschool Arnhem
    External
    20. At 6:58PM on 20 February 2022, wrote

    Rijschool Arnhem

    Hier vind je alle informatie over onze Rijschool in Arnhem. Wij bieden veilige en betrouwbare rijlessen om u te helpen een competente chauffeur te worden. We hebben een team van ervaren en gekwalificeerde instructeurs die je helpen alles te leren wat je moet weten over autorijden. We zorgen ervoor dat onze lessen zijn afgestemd op uw behoeften, zodat u in uw eigen tempo kunt leren autorijden. https://www.rijsecure.nl/

  • permainan judi online
    External
    21. At 5:13AM on 21 February 2022, wrote

    I wanted to wish one of my best friends in the football stadium as she loves football more than anything. feel free to visit my website : https://cherokeemuseum.org/

  • New mobiles in Pakistan
    External
    22. At 1:03PM on 22 February 2022, wrote

    Wow, thanks for making this valuable stuff post you have made some nice articles.

  • New mobiles in Pakistan
    External
    23. At 1:04PM on 22 February 2022, wrote

    thanks for the post

  •  easy samsung frp tool for pc
    External
    24. At 6:03AM on 23 February 2022, wrote

    I'm a not a big fan of football but the blog is amazing

  • Blake Browns
    External
    25. At 10:49AM on 03 March 2022, Blake Browns wrote

    Neue Spieler können die riesige Anzahl an Clubprämien schnell vergessen. Ihnen werden verschiedene Dinge angeboten, und wenn Sie in der Welt der Glücksspielclubs nicht so versiert sind, können Sie es etwas verwirrend beobachten. Wie dem auch sei, lehnen Sie sich einfach entspannt zurück, wir geben Ihnen hier einen Tipp. Um sich bei einem internetbasierten Glücksspielclub anzumelden, halten Sie Ausschau nach einer Willkommensprämie. Dies kann als kostenlose Wendungen oder kostenloses Guthaben erfolgen. Ein Glücksspielclub mit 60 Freispiele ohne Einzahlung https://www.slotozilla.com/de/freispiele/60-freispiele-ohne-einzahlung ohne Laden wäre eine ideale Entscheidung. Sie verwenden kein eigenes Geld, können jedoch insgesamt 60 kostenlose Drehungen an mindestens einem Automaten drehen. Um ein so unglaubliches Geschenk zu erhalten, müssen Sie sich beim bevorzugten Clubanbieter anmelden und sich Ihrer Belohnung nähern.

  • Painters and decorators in Swansea
    External
    26. At 1:47AM on 14 March 2022, wrote

    I get it isn't, on the grounds that the fans are the ones in particular who made the games well known among each and every other human who is utilizing social stages, the adoration and energy for their beloved groups is the motivation behind why sports has a great deal of affection and reach. Painters and decorators in Swansea also help others to get a good quality of different painting or decorating job that needs to be done.

  • Women Lawn
    External
    27. At 10:02AM on 15 March 2022, wrote

    I wanna buy Russia football t shirt please tell me do u have please tel me! Thanks

  • John A. Ezzell
    External
    28. At 2:04PM on 08 April 2022, John A. Ezzell wrote

    I read a lot about it on essayrev

  • Ira McCullough
    External
    29. At 2:05PM on 08 April 2022, Ira McCullough wrote

    So I recommend https://essayrev.com

  • Ira McCullough
    External
    30. At 2:05PM on 08 April 2022, Ira McCullough wrote

    So I recommend https://essayrev.com

  • Dissertation Writing Services UK
    External
    31. At 10:47AM on 11 April 2022, wrote

    Football game now become the full entertainment game as compared to other games.The reason is that people get more interest in this game.Crowd support plays a pivotal role in determining referees decisions and influencing players performance, however this has now been taken away from the game.The home ground also causes the victory of his team due to incredible support.Thank you for sharing informative content.Football is also my crush and i wrote many contents about importance and history of football on my site Affordable Dissertation Writing Services.I hope you visit it and check my work.

  • JennyCasino
    External
    32. At 4:18PM on 11 April 2022, wrote

    I like to watch interesting sports matches. Once I watched football matches with great attention and enthusiasm, but they turned out to be fake and I stopped watching them. I also like to watch fair games and have completely switched to them, they suit me better. But somehow on the Internet I was looking for a no deposit bonus and quickly found it on the online casino website https://jennycasino.com/no-deposit-bonuses-in-online-casino/ and, in addition, by the link, Presented detailed information about this popular sport.

  • Sythe
    External
    33. At 4:13PM on 25 April 2022, Sythe wrote

    More than 40 disciplines are available for betting at this bookmaker https://www.betsofa.com/. You can even place a bet on exotic sports such as Australian football. More than 200 leagues you will find in the football line. However, the number of markets here is less than that of a number of competitors. For example, a few days before a sporting event, only 150 markets appear in the mural. Using a special filter, you can separate the markets by type. A very handy feature is the bet builder, which, among other things, allows you to add markets with team statistics.

  • Assignment help
    External
    34. At 7:51AM on 28 April 2022, wrote

    Having no other choice, the understudies go for a rethought thesis composing assist administration from online stages with preferring GotoAssignmentHelp, best assignment help website in Australia. It is presently the most trusted compose my task Australia specialist organization on the lookout. Throughout the long term, its top notch quality task composing administration Australia has helped the understudies across the world to accomplish their vocation objectives. On the off chance that you are searching for online exposition composing help, book your college task assist with correcting now, here.

  • nz assignment help
    External
    35. At 10:51AM on 04 May 2022, wrote

    It is often seen that the students are burdened with piles of assignments on their desks. Since much time and efficiency is needed in completing the assignments, due to the number of assignments, students often miss the time limits and thus end up scoring low grades. That’s exactly the time when Goto Assignment Help provides you with qualified and professional NZ Assignment Help writers from New Zealand. We provide help with assignments in a wide range of subjects.

  • GotoAssignmentHelp
    External
    36. At 10:41AM on 11 May 2022, wrote

    We know how troublesome it is for the understudies to oversee time for planning tasks. Also, the scholastic rivalry has presumably arrived at its apex. Thus, it is a practical thought for the understudies to get tasks from GotoAssignmentHelp website. At GotoAssignmentHelp you can investigate the most achieved modest task help specialists. Under my task benefits, the understudies of the UK, Aus, USA, Canada, Russia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, India, and so on can get the assistance of the best assignment help online specialists.

  • csgo-bets
    External
    37. At 4:18PM on 13 May 2022, wrote

    A segunda opção é apostar no lado que vencerá determinado mapa. Aqui, você escolherá a equipe que vence em cada mapa, e o vencedor geral de todos os mapas. Diferentemente da primeira opção, ao apostar em mapas as odds não necessariamente refletem a possibilidade de a equipe vencer a partida completa. O motivo disso é que os mapas variam, e pode haver times que sejam mais fortes em determinado mapa do que outros.

  • GotoAssignmenthelp
    External
    39. At 11:10AM on 18 May 2022, wrote

    GotoAssignmenthelp is the proficient academic writing service holding a resourceful team of more than 3000 assignment tutors. We provide the most honest, reasonable and best quality online assignment Services for the students from the UK.

  • sit and stand stroller
    External
    40. At 5:01PM on 18 May 2022, wrote

    It's really an amazing post thanks for sharing it. I really enjoyed reading it

  • Amma
    External
    41. At 8:12AM on 19 May 2022, wrote

    Your blog is very captivating, fantastic, and explanatory. Thank you very much for your content because

    I was searching for this type of content for a long time. To check my blog: https://lookafterbabies.com/13-best-luxury-strollers/

Add Your Feedback