Indonesia had established National Social Security System in 2004, but came into effect in 2014 by launching two providers for the system- BPJS Kesehatan and BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. The former responsible for national healthcare system and the following is responsible for social security for workforce including the Old age benefit, Pension, Work-Related Accident, and Death Benefit. However, these two providers deal with different problems. The first provider is relatively successful in terms of coverage, but having serious problem with its financial sustainability. On the other hand, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan currently financially sustain and potentially grow bigger, but the coverage of members is still not in the optimum stage. One of the factors affecting these conditions is policy. It is interesting to explore how policy makers view this circumstances and how policies regarding this matter were built.