Christos Papachristopoulos

Christos Papachristopoulos

Birmingham Law School
Doctoral researcher

Contact details


  • MSc, University of Leiden
  • LLB, Democritus University of Thrace


Postgraduate Teaching Assistant, Legal Foundations of the EU

Doctoral research

PhD title
Prisons in Europe, Europe in prisons
Dr Marianne Wade and Dr John Child
Law PhD / PhD by Distance Learning / MPhil / MJur


My research explores the necessity, feasibility and desirability of EU action on national prison systems.

Traditionally, the governance of detention has belonged to the sovereign state. Prisons across Europe present, therefore, considerable disparities; in many states, penal systems are struggling with structural deficiencies, which result in systemic human rights violations. This reality directly undermines the notion of the EU as a community of values; in turn, the functioning of the Union as an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, based on mutual trust between peers, is at risk. Departing from the negative consequences of the status quo of prisons in Europe, my contribution assesses the potential of Europe in prisons. The overarching premise revolves around the thesis that, to ensure the effective enforcement of Union values and policies, EU intervention in national prison systems proves necessary. Towards this purpose, the analysis describes potential pathways, upon which EU authorities could potentially tread upon, in order to mitigate existing disparities, and effectively enforce a common standard on detention. Consequently, the analysis moves on to consider the potential impact and pitfalls that the future of Europe in prisons may hold.

Other activities

  • Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights (06/2020-Present) Ad Hoc Researcher
  • Heraklion Bar Association (12/2018 – Present) Attorney at Law