FACE Publications 

To follow are current papers directly related to the FACE facility research. All BIFoR papers from across the Institute can be found on our BIFoR Research Portal. 
Please note these publications are related to projects from across the BIFoR FACE woodland we call 'Mill Haft'. For example some of the research was completed using samples from the small stream that runs through the woodland.  

Recent Articles

Seeing the Unseen: Birth and Death of Tree Roots Under a Future Atmosphere
Not just standing there: the carbon utility of established forest by Rob MacKenzie
Planting trees for a changing climate
Trees become more efficient at saving water as CO2 levels increase, scientists find. 
Trees adapt to high carbon dioxide levels by storing water. 
Forest trees find a new watery ‘sweet spot’ when CO2 is high
Work of many hands builds confidence in climate projections and UK-Brazil science cooperation 
Artificial Intelligence and Low-cost Sensors in Ecology: A Pollen Case Study at BIFoR-FACE 
How can scientists glimpse the future state of our #woodlands? 


Bannister, E.J., Jesson, M., Harper, N.J., Hart, K.M., Curioni, G., Cai, X. & Mackenzie, A.R. (2023)  Residence times of air in a mature forest: observational evidence from a free-air CO2 enrichment experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 23, 3, p. 2145-2165 21  https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-2145-2023

Crowley, L.C, Ivison, K., Enston, A., Garrett, D, Sadler, J.P., Pritchard, J., MacKenzie, A.R., Hayward, S. A.L. (2023), A comparison of sampling methods and temporal patterns of arthropod abundance and diversity in a mature, temperate, Oak woodland, Acta Oecologica, 118, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2022.103873    

Dekker, N.D., Pendall, E., Hamilton, L., Barba, J., Pihlblad, J., Mackenzie, R., Kourmouli, A., Yamulki, S., Gauci, V. & Ullah, S. (2023) Inter-annual variability in the response of soil respiration to elevated CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. EGU General Assembly 2023. European Geosciences Union, 1 p. EGU23-11200 https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-11200

Gardner, A., Jiang, M., Ellsworth, D.S., MacKenzie, A.R., Pritchard, J., Bader, M.K.-F., Barton, C.V.M., Bernacchi, C., Calfapietra, C., Crous, K.Y., Dusenge, M.E., Gimeno, T.E., Hall, M., Lamba, S., Leuzinger, S., Uddling, J., Warren, J., Wallin, G. and Medlyn, B.E. (2023), Optimal stomatal theory predicts COresponses of stomatal conductance in both gymnosperm and angiosperm trees. New Phytol, 237: 1229-1241. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.18618   

Mayoral, C., Ioni, S., Luna, E., Crowley, L.M., Hayward, S.A.L., Sadler, J.P. & Mackenzie, A.R  (2023). Elevated CO2 does not improve seedling performance in a naturally regenerated oak woodland exposed to biotic stressors. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 6, 1278409 https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2023.1278409

Palmer, L., Robertson, I., Lavergne, A., Hemming, D., Loader, N. J., Young, G., et al. (2022). Spatio-temporal variations in carbon isotope discrimination predicted by the JULES land surface model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 127, e2022JG007041. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JG007041 

Rabbai, A., Wendt, D. E., Curioni, G., Quick, S. E., MacKenzie, A. R., Hannah, D. M., Kettridge, N., Ullah, S., Hart, K. M., & Krause, S. (2023). Soil moisture and temperature dynamics in juvenile and mature forest as a result of tree growth, hydrometeorological forcings, and drought. Hydrological Processes, 37(6), e14919. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.14919

Sanchez-Lucas, R., Mayoral, C., Raw, M., Mousouraki, M. and Luna-Diez, E. (2023) Elevated CO2 alters photosynthesis, growth and susceptibility to powdery mildew of oak seedlings. Biochemical Journal 480 (17): 1429 - 1443 https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20230002 

Sgouridis, F., Reay, M., Cotchim, S., Ma, J., Radu, A., Ullah, S. (2023) Stimulation of soil gross nitrogen transformations and nitrous oxide emission under Free air CO2 enrichment in a mature temperate oak forest at BIFoR-FACE,Soil Biology and Biochemistry,Volume 184, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2023.109072   


Baird, A., Bannister, E., MacKenzie, A.R. and Pope, F. (2022). Mass concentration of bioaerosols in a mature temperate woodland affected by temperature and wind speed, but not relative humidity or two years of elevated CO2. Biogeosciences, 19(10), 2653-2669  https://bg.copernicus.org/articles/19/2653/2022/   

Bannister, E., Jesson, M., Harper, N., Hart, K., Curioni, G., Cai, X. and MacKenzie, A.R., (2022) Air-parcel residence times in a mature forest: observational evidence from a free-air CO2 enrichment experiment Preprint https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-318  

Gardner A., Ellsworth D. S., Pritchard J, and MacKenzie A.R. (2022). Are chlorophyll concentrations and nitrogen across the vertical canopy profile affected by elevated CO2 in mature Quercus trees? Trees. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-022-02328-7

Roberts, A.J., Crowley, L.M. Gardner, A., Sadler, J.P., Nguyen, T.T.T., Hayward, S.A.L. and Metcalfe, D.B. (2022). Effects of Elevated Atmospheric CO2 Concentration on Insect Herbivory and Nutrient Fluxes in a Mature Temperate Forest. Forests, 2022, 13, 998. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13070998 

Ziegler, C., Kulawska, A., Kourmouli, A., Hamilton, L., Shi, Z., MacKenzie, A.R., Dyson, R.J., and Johnston, I.G. (2022). Quantification and uncertainty of root growth stimulation by elevated CO2 in a mature temperate deciduous forest. Science of The Total Environment 854 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.158661  


Baird, A. B., Bannister, E. J., MacKenzie, A. R., & Pope, F. D. (2021). Mass concentrations of autumn bioaerosol in a mature temperate woodland Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) experiment: investigating the role of meteorology and carbon dioxide levels. Biogeosciences Discuss., 2021, 1-25. doi:10.5194/bg-2021-162 preprint

Bannister, E., MacKenzie, A. R., & Cai, X. (2021). Realistic forests and the modeling of forest-atmosphere exchange. In Reviews of Geophysics Vol 60 (1) https://doi.org/10.1029/2021RG000746

Crowley, L. M., Sadler, J. P., Pritchard, J., & Hayward, S. A. L. (2021). Elevated CO2 Impacts on Plant–Pollinator Interactions: A Systematic Review and Free Air Carbon Enrichment Field Study. Insects, 12(6), 512. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060512

Gardner A., Ellsworth D.S., Crous K.Y., Pritchard J. and MacKenzie A.R. (2021). Is photosynthetic enhancement sustained through three years of elevated CO2 exposure in 175-year old Quercus robur? Tree Physiology 42 (1)   https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpab090 

Khamis, K., Blaen, P. J., Comer-Warner, S., Hannah, D. M., MacKenzie, A. R., & Krause, S. (2021). High-Frequency Monitoring Reveals Multiple Frequencies of Nitrogen and Carbon Mass Balance Dynamics in a Headwater Stream. Frontiers in Water, 3(43). doi:10.3389/frwa.2021.668924   

MacKenzie, A. R., Krause, S., Hart, K. M., Thomas, R. M., Blaen, P. J., Hamilton, R. L., . . . Press, M. C. (2021). BIFoR FACE: Water–soil–vegetation–atmosphere data from a temperate deciduous forest catchment, including under elevated CO2. Hydrological Processes, 35(3), e14096. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.14096 

*Ziegler, C., Kulawska, A., Kourmouli, A., Hamilton, L., Shi, Z., MacKenzie, A. R., . . . Johnston, I. G. (2021). Quantification and uncertainty of root growth stimulation by elevated CO2 in mature temperate deciduous forest. bioRxiv, 2021.2004.2015.440027. https://doi:10.1101/2021.04.15.440027  preprint 


Comer-Warner, S.A., Gooddy, DC., Ullah, S., Glover, L., Percival, A., Kettridge, N., & Krause, S. (2019) Seasonal variability of sediment controls of carbon cycling in an agricultural stream, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 688, pp. 732-741. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.317 

Comer-Warner, S.A., Gooddy, DC., Ullah, S., Glover, L., Percival, A., Kettridge, N., & Krause, S. (2019) Seasonal variability of sediment controls of carbon cycling in an agricultural stream, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 688, pp. 732-741. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.317 

Hart, K.M., Curioni, G., Blaen, P., Thomas, R.M., Harper, N.J., Miles, P., Lewin, K.F., Nagy, J., Bannister, E.J., Cai, X.M., Krause, S., Tausz, M. & MacKenzie, A. R. (2019) Characteristics of free air carbon dioxide enrichment of a Northern temperate mature forest. Global Change Biology . [Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14786].

Mao, F, Khamis, K, Krause, S, Clark, J & Hannah, D (2019) Low-cost environmental sensor networks: recent advances and future directions. Frontiers in Earth Science, vol. 7, 221. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00221

Qiu,, H., Blaen, P, Comer-Warner, S., Hannah, D.M., Krause, S., & Phanikumar, M.S., (2019) Evaluating a coupled phenology-surface energy balance model to understand stream-subsurface temperature dynamics in a mixed-use farmland catchment. Water Resources Research, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 1675-1697. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR023644

Ziegler, C., Dyson, R. and Johnston I.G. (2019) Model selection and parameter estimation for root architecture models using likelihood-free inference, Journal of the Royal Society Interface 16  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2019.0293  


Blaen, P. J., Khamis, K., Lloyd, C., Comer-Warner, S., Ciocca, F., Thomas, R. M., MacKenzie, A. R. & Krause, S. (2017). High-frequency monitoring of catchment nutrient exports reveals highly variable storm event responses and dynamic source zone activation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122: 2265-2281. [Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JG003904].

Fayose, T., Mendecki, L., Ullah, S., & Radu, A. (2017). Single strip solid contact ion selective electrodes on a pencil-drawn electrode substrate. Analytical Methods 9(7): 1213-1220. [Available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6AY02860H]

Blaen, P., Khamis, K., Lloyd, C.E.M., Bradley, C., Hannah, D.M. & Krause, S. (2016). Real-time monitoring of nutrients and dissolved organic matter in rivers: adaptive monitoring strategies, technological challenges and future directions. Science of The Total Environment 569-570: 647-660. [Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.116].

Norby, R. J., De Kauwe, M. G., Domingues, T. F., Duursma, R. A., Ellsworth, D. S., Goll, D. S., Lapola, D.M., Luus, K.A., MacKenzie, A.R., Medlyn, B.E., Pavlick, R., Rammig, A., Smith, B., Thomas, R., Thonicke, K., Walker, A.P., Yang, X. & Zaehle, S. (2015). Model–data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO₂ enrichment (FACE) experiments. New Phytologist 209(1): 17-28. [Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13593]